Pachycondyla vidua

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Pachycondyla vidua
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Pachycondyla
Species: P. vidua
Binomial name
Pachycondyla vidua
(Smith, F., 1857)

Pachycondyla vidua casent0901367 p 1 high.jpg

Pachycondyla vidua casent0901367 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Schmith & Shattuck (2014), during their revision of the subfamily Ponerinae, were unable to determine the proper generic placement of this taxon. They left it assigned to Pachycondyla but noted that this placement is undoubtedly incorrect. Exact placement will require detailed examination of relevant material of this taxa.



Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 2.547988° to 2.547988°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Borneo (type locality), Indonesia, Malaysia.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.



Images from AntWeb

Pachycondyla vidua casent0901367 p 2 high.jpg
Holotype of Ponera viduaMale (alate). Specimen code casent0901367. Photographer Will Ericson, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by OUM, Oxford, UK.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • vidua. Ponera vidua Smith, F. 1857a: 68 (m.) BORNEO (East Malaysia: Sarawak).
    • Type-material: holotype male (gaster missing).
    • Type-locality: Malaysia: Borneo, Sarawak, “SAR.” (A.R. Wallace).
    • Type-depository: OXUM.
    • Combination in Pachycondyla: Donisthorpe, 1932c: 448;
    • incertae sedis in Pachycondyla: Schmidt, C.A. & Shattuck, 2014: 155.
    • [Note: generic combination equivocal: certainly not a Pachycondyla; perhaps Pseudoneoponera.]
    • Status as species: Smith, F. 1858b: 89; Smith, F. 1871a: 321; Dalla Torre, 1893: 43; Emery, 1911d: 116; Wheeler, W.M. 1919e: 139; Donisthorpe, 1932c: 448; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 73; Bolton, 1995b: 311; Pfeiffer, et al. 2011: 57.
    • Distribution: Malaysia (Sarawak).

The following notes on F. Smith type specimens have been provided by Barry Bolton (details):

Ponera vidua

Holotype male in Oxford University Museum of Natural History (gaster missing). Labelled “SAR” (= Sarawak) and with a Donisthorpe type-label.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Chapman, J. W., and Capco, S. R. 1951. Check list of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Asia. Monogr. Inst. Sci. Technol. Manila 1: 1-327
  • Emery C. 1911. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae. Genera Insectorum 118: 1-125.
  • Pfeiffer M.; Mezger, D.; Hosoishi, S.; Bakhtiar, E. Y.; Kohout, R. J. 2011. The Formicidae of Borneo (Insecta: Hymenoptera): a preliminary species list. Asian Myrmecology 4:9-58
  • Smith, F. "Catalogue of the hymenopterous insects collected at Sarawak, Borneo; Mount Ophir, Malacca; and at Singapore, by A. R. Wallace." Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology 2 (1857): 42-88.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1919. The ants of Borneo. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 63:43-147.