Paraneuretus

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Paraneuretus
Temporal range: 42–33.9 Ma Bartonian, Middle to Late Eocene and Priabonian, Late Eocene
Paraneuretus tornquisti
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Aneuretinae
Tribe: Aneuretini
Genus: Paraneuretus
Wheeler, W.M., 1915
Type species
Paraneuretus tornquisti
Diversity
3 fossil species
(Species Checklist, Species by Country)

Identification

Distribution

This taxon is known from Baltic amber (Bartonian, Middle to Late Eocene), Bitterfeld amber (Bartonian, Middle to Late Eocene) and Bol’shaya Svetlovodnaya, Sikhote-Alin, Russia (Priabonian, Late Eocene).

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • PARANEURETUS [Aneuretinae]
    • Paraneuretus Wheeler, W.M. 1915h: 73. Type-species: †Paraneuretus tornquisti, by original designation.
    • [†Paraneuretus Wheeler, W.M. 1908g: 413, Wheeler, W.M. 1910g: 148 and Emery, 1913a: 2; nomina nuda.]


References

  • Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. (page 15, Paraneuretus in Aneuretinae, Aneuretini )
  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 41, Paraneuretus in Aneuretinae, Aneuretini )
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 80, Paraneuretus in Aneuretinae, Aneuretini )
  • Dlussky, G. M.; Fedoseeva, E. B. 1988. Origin and early stages of evolution in ants. Pp. 70-144 in: Ponomarenko, A. G. (ed.) Cretaceous biocenotic crisis and insect evolution. Moskva: Nauka, 232 pp. (page 78, Paraneuretus in Aneuretinae, Aneuretini )
  • Donisthorpe, H. 1943g. A list of the type-species of the genera and subgenera of the Formicidae. [part]. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 11(10): 617-688 (page 681, Paraneuretus in Dolichoderinae, Aneuretini)
  • Emery, C. 1913a [1912]. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Dolichoderinae. Genera Insectorum 137: 1-50 (page 2, nomina nuda)
  • Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E. O. 1990. The ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, xii + 732 pp. (page 17, Paraneuretus in Aneuretinae, Aneuretini )
  • Shattuck, S. O. 1994. Taxonomic catalog of the ant subfamilies Aneuretinae and Dolichoderinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Univ. Calif. Publ. Entomol. 112:i-xix, 1-241. (page 2, Paraneuretus in Aneuretinae, Aneuretini )
  • Snelling, R. R. 1981. Systematics of social Hymenoptera. Pp. 369-453 in: Hermann, H. R. (ed.) Social insects. Volume 2. New York: Academic Press, xiii + 491 pp. (page 400, Paraneuretus in Aneuretinae, Aneuretini )
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1908h. The ants of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. (Part I.). Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 24: 399-485 (page 413, nomina nuda)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1910b. Ants: their structure, development and behavior. New York: Columbia University Press, xxv + 663 pp. (page 148, nomina nuda)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1915i [1914]. The ants of the Baltic Amber. Schr. Phys.-Ökon. Ges. Königsb. 55: 1-142 (page 73, Paraneuretus in Dolichoderinae, Aneuretini)
  • Wilson, E. O.; Eisner, T.; Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1956. Aneuretus simoni Emery, a major link in ant evolution. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 115: 81-99 (page 93, Paraneuretus in Aneuretinae, Aneuretini (footnote))