Every Ant Tells a Story - And Scientists Explain Their Stories Here
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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Heteroponerinae
Genus: Paranomopone
Wheeler, W.M., 1915
Type species
Paranomopone relicta, now Heteroponera relicta

MCZ-ENT00020426 Paranomopone relicta hal.jpg

MCZ-ENT00020426 Paranomopone relicta had.jpg

Type Specimen Label

This genus is not in use as it is currently considered to be a junior synonym of Heteroponera.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • PARANOMOPONE [junior synonym of Heteroponera]
    • Paranomopone Wheeler, W.M. 1915c: 117. Type-species: Paranomopone relicta, by monotypy.
    • Paranomopone junior synonym of Heteroponera: Brown, in Borgmeier, 1957: 112; Brown, 1958g: 194.


  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 177, Paranomopone as junior synonym of Heteroponera)
  • Borgmeier, T. 1957a. Myrmecologische Studien, I. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 29: 103-128 (page 112, Paranomopone as junior synonym of Heteroponera)
  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1958g. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. II. Tribe Ectatommini (Hymenoptera). Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 118: 173-362 (page 194, Paranomopone as junior synonym of Heteroponera)
  • Donisthorpe, H. 1943g. A list of the type-species of the genera and subgenera of the Formicidae. [part]. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 11(10): 617-688 (page 681, Paranomopone in Ponerinae, Ectatommini)
  • Emery, C. 1919c. Notes critiques de myrmécologie. [I-IV.]. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 59: 100-107 (page 106, Paranomopone in Ponerinae, Ectatommini)
  • Forel, A. 1917. Cadre synoptique actuel de la faune universelle des fourmis. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 51: 229-253 (page 236, Paranomopone in Ponerinae, Ectatommini)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1915c. Paranomopone, a new genus of ponerine ants from Queensland. Psyche (Camb.) 22: 117-120 (page 117, Paranomopone as genus)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1922i. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VII. Keys to the genera and subgenera of ants. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 45: 631-710 (page 642, Paranomopone in Ponerinae, Ectatommini)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1930h. A new Emeryella from Panama. Proc. N. Engl. Zool. Club 12: 9-13 (page 13, Paranomopone in Ponerinae, Ectatommini)