Pheidole allarmata

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Pheidole allarmata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. allarmata
Binomial name
Pheidole allarmata
Wilson, 2003

Pheidole allarmata casent0282797 p 1 high.jpg

Pheidole allarmata casent0282797 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Two colonies collected by Stefan Cover and John E. Tobin at Cuzco Amazonica, Peru (Cover, collection notes) were in terra firme rainforest, nesting in rotten sticks on the forest floor. The colonies were small, with fewer than 100 workers and a single queen; one of the nests contained a seed cache. (Wilson 2003)

Identification

See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

An Amazonian species recorded from scattered localities in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Suriname. (Wilson 2003)


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 6.468° to -12.497473°.

 
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil (type locality), Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Suriname.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

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Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.

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Biology

Castes

Worker

Minor

Major

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • allarmata. Pheidole allarmata Wilson, 2003: 649, figs. (s.w.) BRAZIL.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

DIAGNOSIS Similar to Pheidole hasticeps, Pheidole subarmata, Pheidole synarmata and Pheidole triplex (see also the somewhat less similar Pheidole rhytifera), differing from these and other Pheidole by the following combination of traits.

Major: in side view the frontal lobe is elongated to form a forward-projecting, thin, spine-like lobe; humerus strongly developed as protuberant lobes; postpetiolar node spinose; head quadrate; rear half of head and almost all of body smooth and shiny.

Minor: occiput narrowed but lacking a nuchal collar; propodeal spine long, thin, and erect; head and body almost entirely smooth and shiny.

This is probably the series noted by W. L. Brown (1981: 526) as representing a species distinct from subarmata.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.26, HL 1.28, SL 0.60, EL 0.12, PW 0.74. Paratype minor: HW 0.56, HL 0.56, SL 0.60, EL 0.06, PW 0.36.

COLOR Major: head reddish brown, gradually deepening from light reddish brown at occiput to dark reddish brown on anterior half of head capsule and on mandibles; mesosoma medium reddish brown; waist, gaster, antennae, and legs light reddish brown.

Minor: concolorous yellow to dark brown.


Pheidole allarmata Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Type Material

BRAZIL: Pirelli Plantation (Iriboca), near Belem, Para, col. P. F. Darlington. Museum of Comparative Zoology

Etymology

Gr, L allarmata, the "other one" bearing arms, referring to the species' similarity to subarmata and synarmata.

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Fernández, F. and S. Sendoya. 2004. Lista de las hormigas neotropicales. Biota Colombiana Volume 5, Number 1.
  • Fichaux M., B. Bechade, J. Donald, A. Weyna, J. H. C. Delabie, J. Murienne, C. Baraloto, and J. Orivel. 2019. Habitats shape taxonomic and functional composition of Neotropical ant assemblages. Oecologia 189(2): 501-513.
  • Franco W., N. Ladino, J. H. C. Delabie, A. Dejean, J. Orivel, M. Fichaux, S. Groc, M. Leponce, and R. M. Feitosa. 2019. First checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of French Guiana. Zootaxa 4674(5): 509-543.
  • Groc S., J. H. C. Delabie, F. Fernandez, F. Petitclerc, B. Corbara, M. Leponce, R. Cereghino, and A. Dejean. 2017. Litter-dwelling ants as bioindicators to gauge the sustainability of small arboreal monocultures embedded in the Amazonian rainforest. Ecological Indicators 82: 43-49.
  • Groc S., J. H. C. Delabie, F. Fernandez, M. Leponce, J. Orivel, R. Silvestre, Heraldo L. Vasconcelos, and A. Dejean. 2013. Leaf-litter ant communities (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in a pristine Guianese rainforest: stable functional structure versus high species turnover. Myrmecological News 19: 43-51.
  • LaPolla, J.S. and S.P. Cover. 2005. New species of Pheidole (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Guyana, with a list of species known from the country. Tranactions of the American Entomological Society 131(3-4):365-374
  • Lapolla, J. S., and S. P. Cover. "New species of Pheidole (Hymenoptera : Formicidae) from Guyana, with a list of species known from the country." Transactions of the American Entomological Society 131, no. 3-4 (2005): 365-374.
  • Lapolla, J.S., T. Suman, J. Soso-Calvo and T.R. Schultz. 2006. Leaf litter ant diversity in Guyana. Biodiversity and Conservation 16:491–510
  • Pires de Prado L., R. M. Feitosa, S. Pinzon Triana, J. A. Munoz Gutierrez, G. X. Rousseau, R. Alves Silva, G. M. Siqueira, C. L. Caldas dos Santos, F. Veras Silva, T. Sanches Ranzani da Silva, A. Casadei-Ferreira, R. Rosa da Silva, and J. Andrade-Silva. 2019. An overview of the ant fauna (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the state of Maranhao, Brazil. Pap. Avulsos Zool. 59: e20195938.