Pheidole alpinensis

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Pheidole alpinensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. alpinensis
Binomial name
Pheidole alpinensis
Forel, 1912

Pheidole alpinensis casent0908093 p 1 high.jpg

Pheidole alpinensis casent0908093 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Nothing is known about the biology of alpinensis.

Identification

See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Only known from the type locality.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Minor

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • alpinensis. Pheidole emeryi var. alpinensis Forel, 1912f: 231 (s.w.q.) BRAZIL. Subspecies of tristis: Bolton, 1995b: 316. Raised to species: Wilson, 2003: 650.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

From Wilson (2003): DIAGNOSIS A large, reddish brown (major) or reddish yellow (minor) member of the tristis group with very prominent subangulate humeri, large subangulate postpetiolar node, small subpetiolar process, and weakly shagreened first gastral tergite, in both major and minor.

Close to Pheidole tristis, and less similar to Pheidole exarata, Pheidole excubitor, Pheidole germaini, Pheidole obrima, Pheidole rogeri, Pheidole stulta and Pheidole zoster, differing in many details of body form, sculpturing, and pilosity, as illustrated, as well as in color. .

MEASUREMENTS (mrn) Lectotype major: HW 1.74, HL 2.00, SL 0.84, EL 0.20, PW 0.86. Paralectotype minor: HW 0.76, HL 0.84, SL 0.80, EL 0.14, PW 0.48.

COLOR Major: concolorous reddish brown. Minor: concolorous reddish yellow.


Pheidole alpinensis Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: lectotype, major. Lower: paralectotype minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Lectotype Specimen Labels

Type Material

BRAZIL: Colonia Alpina, Teresiopolis, Rio de Janeiro. Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève - as reported in Wilson (2003)

Etymology

Named after the type locality. (Wilson 2003)

References

  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 316, Subspecies of tristis)
  • Forel, A. 1912g. Formicides néotropiques. Part III. 3me sous-famille Myrmicinae (suite). Genres Cremastogaster et Pheidole. Mém. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 19: 211-237 (page 231, soldier, worker, queen described)
  • Wilson, E. O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. (page 650, fig. major, minor described, Raised to species: new status)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Fernandes T. T., R. R. Silva, D. Rodrigues de Souza-Campana, O. Guilherme Morais da Silva, and M. Santina de Castro Morini. 2019. Winged ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) presence in twigs on the leaf litter of Atlantic Forest. Biota Neotropica 19(3): http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1676-0611-bn-2018-0694
  • Fernandes T. T., W. Dattilo, R. R. Silva, P. Luna, C. M. Oliveira, and M. Santina de Castro Morini. 2019. Ant occupation of twigs in the leaf litter of the Atlantic Forest: influence of the environment and external twig structure. Tropical Conservation Science 12: 1-9.
  • Forel A. 1912. Formicides néotropiques. Part III. 3me sous-famille Myrmicinae (suite). Genres Cremastogaster et Pheidole. Mémoires de la Société Entomologique de Belgique. 19: 211-237.
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • Luederwaldt H. 1918. Notas myrmecologicas. Rev. Mus. Paul. 10: 29-64.