Arboricola is a resident of moist mature and second-growth forest, nesting in the hollow branches and under the dead bark variously of Bauhinia, Cecropia, Stryphnodendron, and other trees. (Longino 1997).
See the description in the nomenclature section.
Keys including this Species
Atlantic lowlands of Costa Rica, up to 500 meters elevation. (Wilson 2003)
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
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The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- arboricola. Pheidole arboricola Wilson, 2003: 372, figs. (s.w.) COSTA RICA.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
A very small species, close to Pheidole amazonica, Pheidole mackayi, Pheidole minutula and especially Pheidole quercicola distinguished in the major from these species by its subangulate (as opposed to lobate) humerus in dorsal-oblique view, rounded lateral borders of the postpetiole, and bicolorous head.
MEASUREMENTS (mm) Holotype major: HW 0.76, HL 0.84, SL 0.40, EL 0.06, PW 0.40. Paratype minor: HW 0.42, HL 0.46, SL 0.40, EL 0.06, PW 0.26.
COLOR Major: head capsule anterior to eyes, along with a fuzzy circular spot in the middle of the capsule dorsum, light brown. Waist and gaster also light brown; rest of body and appendages dark yellow.
Minor: body medium brown, tarsi yellow, rest of appendages light brown.
Figure. Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.
COSTA RICA: La Selva Biological Station, near Puerto Viejo, J. T. Longino. Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad
L arboricola, tree-dwelling, alluding to the arboricolous nests of the species.
- Wilson, E. O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. (page 372, fig. major, minor described)