Pheidole capensis

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Pheidole capensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. capensis
Binomial name
Pheidole capensis
Mayr, 1862

Pheidole capensis casent0901306 p 1 high.jpg

Pheidole capensis casent0901306 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels




Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: -29.11667° to -34.76667°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Mozambique, South Africa (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.


Association with Other Organisms

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This species is a host for the eucharitid wasp Timioderus acuminatus (a parasite) (Heraty, 2000; Baker et al., 2019; Universal Chalcidoidea Database) (primary host).


Images from AntWeb

Pheidole capensis casent0901307 l 1 high.jpgPheidole capensis casent0901307 h 1 high.jpgPheidole capensis casent0901307 p 1 high.jpgPheidole capensis casent0901307 d 1 high.jpg
Syntype of Pheidole capensisWorker (major/soldier). Specimen code casent0901307. Photographer Ryan Perry, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by NHMUK, London, UK.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • capensis. Pheidole capensis Mayr, 1862: 746 (s.w.) SOUTH AFRICA. Forel, 1913a: 130 (q.). Subspecies of megacephala: Emery, 1895h: 34. Revived status as species: Forel, 1913a: 130; Arnold, 1920a: 441. Current subspecies: nominal plus dregei, modestior, reddenburgensis.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Arnold G. 1920. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part IV. Myrmicinae. Annals of the South African Museum. 14: 403-578.
  • Emery C. 1895. Voyage de M. E. Simon dans l'Afrique australe (janvier-avril 1893). 3e mémoire. Formicides. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 64: 15-56.
  • French K., and R. E. Major. 2001. Effect of an exotic Acacia (Fabaceae) on ant assemblages in South African fynbos. Austral Ecology 26: 303–310.
  • IZIKO South Africa Museum Collection
  • Wheeler W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VIII. A synonymic list of the ants of the Ethiopian region. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45: 711-1004