Pheidole caribbaea

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Pheidole caribbaea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. caribbaea
Binomial name
Pheidole caribbaea
Wheeler, W.M., 1911

MCZ-ENT00009136 Pheidole caribbaea hal.jpg

MCZ-ENT00009136 Pheidole caribbaea had.jpg

Specimen labels


Wheeler (1911) reported: Described from numerous soldiers, workers and males and two females taken by Mr. Wight from several nests at Mandeville, Balaclava and Troy. According to notes accompanying the specimens the colonies of this species are "very populous, active and aggressive and nest in moist black soil under stones or in rotten logs."


See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 18.247232° to 17.98333333°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Jamaica (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • caribbaea. Pheidole caribbaea Wheeler, W.M. 1911a: 23 (s.w.q.m.) JAMAICA. Senior synonym of sloanei: Wilson, 2003: 272.
  • sloanei. Pheidole caribbaea subsp. sloanei Wheeler, W.M. 1917g: 459 (s.w.q.) JAMAICA. Junior synonym of caribbaea: Wilson, 2003: 272.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.


From Wilson (2003): A brown member of the fallax group whose major has the dorsal surface of the head completely covered with longitudinal parallel carinulae, except the extreme occipital strip (seen in full-face view), which is smooth and shiny; pronotum and anterior mesonotum completely covered with transverse carinulae; postpetiolar node trapezoidal; anterior half of the first gastral tergite shagreened; and head densely covered with mostly erect to suberect hairs.

Close to Pheidole mantilla of Costa Rica and Pheidole kukrana of Nicaragua but differing in details of head shape, sculpture, pilosity, and color (q.v.); see also Pheidole cardinalis, Pheidole obscurior, Pheidole rubiceps.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Syntype major: HW 1.12, HL 1.20, SL 0.96, EL 0.20, PW 0.58. Syntype minor: HW 0.52, HL 0.66, SL 0.92, EL 0.14, PW 0.34.

COLOR Major: head medium brown, mesosoma dark brown, waist and gaster medium to dark brown, appendages light to medium brown.

Minor: body concolorous medium brown, appendages medium to yellowish brown.

Pheidole caribbaea Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: syntype, major. Lower: syntype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Syntype Specimen Labels

Type Material

JAMAICA: Balaclava. Museum of Comparative Zoology - as reported in Wilson (2003)


Refers to region of origin. (Wilson 2003)


  • Wheeler, W. M. 1911a. Additions to the ant-fauna of Jamaica. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 30: 21-29 (page 23, soldier, worker, queen, male described)
  • Wilson, E. O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. (page 272, fig. major, minor described; Senior synonym of sloanei)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • Wheeler W. M. 1917. Jamaican ants collected by Prof. C. T. Brues. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 61: 457-471.
  • Wheeler, William Morton. 1911. Additions to the Ant-Fauna of Jamaica. Bulletin American Museum of Natural History. 30:21-29.