Pheidole centeotl

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Pheidole centeotl
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. centeotl
Binomial name
Pheidole centeotl
Wheeler, W.M., 1914

Pheidole centeotl casent0281760 p 1 high.jpg

Pheidole centeotl casent0281760 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

From Wilson (2003): Mann (in Wheeler 1914c) found numerous colonies of this species nesting under stones on a hillside in oak-pine woodland near Molino Guerrero (an ore mill), on the eastern slope of the mountain range east of Pachuca. A colony collected by Robert J. Hamton near Jalapa, Veracruz, was nesting beneath a stone in pine forest at 2350 m. Winged reproductives were in a nest at 2200 m near Cuernavaca on 26 May 1986 (W. P. MacKay).


See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species


I have seen series of centeotl from the following central and southeastern states of Mexico: Hidalgo, Michoacán, Morelos, Puebla, and Veracruz, all collected at elevations of 2200–2400 m. (Wilson 2003)

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Mexico (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb






The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • centeotl. Pheidole (Allopheidole) centeotl Wheeler, W.M. 1914b: 46 (s.w.q.) MEXICO. See also: Wilson, 2003: 568.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.


From Wilson (2003): DIAGNOSIS A member of the pilifera group with 3 worker castes (major, supermajor, minor) similar to Pheidole macclendoni of Arizona and Texas, differing as follows.

Major: propodeal spines much shorter; humerus in dorsal-oblique view less prominent; postpetiolar node seen from above subangulate and diamond-shaped; light reddish brown, not yellow.

Supermajor: occipital cleft deeper, its sides rising more steeply to the occipital lobes on either side.

Minor: propodeal spine well-developed; carinulae present on frontal lobes, and those mesad to the eye extend posteriorly beyond the eye by as much as an Eye Length.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Lectotype major: HW 1.10, HL 1.20, SL 0.62, EL 0.14, PW 0.56. Paralectotype supermajor: HW 1.84, HL 2.06, SL 0.80, EL 0.22, PW 0.80. Paralectotype minor: HW 0.60, HL 0.66, SL 0.56, EL 0.12, PW 0.38.

COLOR Major: body light to medium reddish brown, appendages light reddish brown.

Supermajor: light to medium reddish brown.

Minor: concolorous light reddish brown.

Pheidole centeotl Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: lectotype, major (body and full head), next to paralectotype, supermajor (partial head only). Lower: paralectotype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Type Material

Museum of Comparative Zoology - as reported in Wilson (2003)

Type Locality Information

MEXICO: Molino Guerrero (Guerrero Mill), Hidalgo, 2600–2900 m, col. William M. Mann. (Wilson 2003)




  • Wheeler, W. M. 1914c. Ants collected by W. M. Mann in the state of Hidalgo, Mexico. J. N. Y. Entomol. Soc. 22: 37-61 (page 46, soldier, worker, queen described)
  • Wilson, E. O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. (page 568, fig. major, minor described)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Dattilo W. et al. 2019. MEXICO ANTS: incidence and abundance along the Nearctic-Neotropical interface. Ecology
  • Fernandes, P.R. XXXX. Los hormigas del suelo en Mexico: Diversidad, distribucion e importancia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • Vásquez-Bolaños M. 2011. Lista de especies de hormigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) para México. Dugesiana 18: 95-133
  • Wilson, E.O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A Dominant, Hyperdiverse Genus. Harvard University Press