This species usually nests under the ground in woody gardens and forest edges. Majors serve as repletes (e.g., Eg01-TH-034, -142) (Eguchi 2008). In S. Cat Tien N.P. (S. Vietnam) I observed masses of workers retrieving seeds from mammal feces. (Eguchi 2008)
Eguchi (2008) - This species is characterized among Indo-Chinese species by the combination of the following characteristics: in the major and minor body extremely large; in the major frons with longitudinal-oblique rugulae which run till the end of vertexal lobes; in the major and minor antennal club 3-segmented. In N. Vietnam there are two other extremely large-sized species, Pheidole gatesi (Wheeler) and Pheidole smythiesii Forel. But these two species are easily separated from P. dugasi by the 4-segmented antennal club in the major and minor. Pheidole magna Eguchi (see below) is relatively similar to P. dugasi, but easily separated from P. dugasi by the following characteristics of the major of P. magna: dorsal and lateral faces of vertexal lobe smooth and shining; first gastral tergite smooth and shining, often with a weakly punctured area just around its articulation with postpetiole (see also Eguchi 2006).
Keys including this Species
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- dugasi. Pheidole dugasi Forel, 1911i: 222 (footnote) (w.) VIETNAM. See also: Eguchi, 2008: 17.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Eguchi (2008) - Major (n=5). — HL 3.38–3.60 mm; HW 3.15–3.40 mm; CI 93–99; SL 1.48–1.67 mm; SI 47–49; FL 2.35–2.49 mm; FI 71–78. Minor (n=5). — HL 0.97–1.19 mm; HW 0.84–1.04 mm; CI 85–88; SL1.15–1.36 mm; SI 124–137; FL 1.47–1.67 mm; FI 159–175.
Major — Head in lateral view roundly convex dorsally, not impressed on vertex; frons with longitudinal-oblique rugulae which reach the end of vertexal lobes; frontal carina and antennal scrobe absent; clypeus with a conspicuous median longitudinal carina; hypostoma with an inconspicuous or low and broad median and low submedian processes in addition to small to conspicuous lateral processes; the median process somewhat emaginate or with a concavity in the center; antenna with a 3-segmented club; maximal diameter of eye (much) longer than antennal segment X; median ocellus often present. Promesonotal dome with a small to inconspicuous prominence or mound on its posterior slope; humerus not produced; the dome much narrower at the humeri than at the bottom. Petiole (a little) longer than postpetiole (excluding helcium); postpetiole not massive. First gastral tergite rugoso-punctate weakly but densely.
Minor — Dorsum of head largely smooth; area between antennal insertion and eye with rugulae; dorso-lateral and posterodorsal faces of head sometimes shagreened; preoccipital carina conspicuous dorsally and laterally; median part of clypeus smooth; median longitudinal carina of clypeus absent, or sometimes present but inconspicuous or weak; antenna with a 3-segmented club; scape extending far beyond posterolateral margin of head; maximal diameter of eye almost as long as, or a little shorter or a little longer than antennal segment X. Promesonotal dome smooth and shining, usually bearing very long hairs dorsally, in lateral view with a low or inconspicuous mound on its posterior slope; humerus of the dome in dorsal-oblique view not raised/produced; mesopleuron, metapleuron and lateral face of propodeum smooth and shining, or at most very weakly punctured partly; propodeal spine in lateral view spiniform or elogate-triangular, directing upward. Petiole almost as long as postpetiole (excluding helcium); postpetiole relatively large.
Eguchi (2008) - Syntypes: 3 minors, “Cochinchine (Dugas)” [S. Vietnam], Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève, examined, one of them designated here as the lectotype.
- Eguchi, K. 2008. A revision of Northern Vietnamese species of the ant genus Pheidole (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Zootaxa. 1902:1-118. PDF
- Forel, A. 1911c. Ameisen aus Ceylon, gesammelt von Prof. K. Escherich (einige von Prof. E. Bugnion). Pp. 215-228 in: Escherich, K. Termitenleben auf Ceylon. Jena: Gustav Fischer, xxxii + 262 pp. (page 222, worker described)