Pheidole gibba

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Pheidole gibba
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. gibba
Binomial name
Pheidole gibba
Mayr, 1887

Pheidole gibba casent0919776 p 1 high.jpg

Pheidole gibba casent0919776 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


Nothing is known about the biology of gibba.


See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species


Rio de Janeiro and Santa Catarina states, Brazil. (Wilson 2003)

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.


Association with Other Organisms

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This species is a host for the eucharitid wasp Orasema chunpi (a parasite) in Brazil (Silva & Casadei-Ferreira, 2020).


Images from AntWeb

Pheidole gibba casent0919777 d 1 high.jpgPheidole gibba casent0919777 p 1 high.jpgPheidole gibba casent0919777 h 1 high.jpgPheidole gibba casent0919777 l 1 high.jpg
Worker. Specimen code casent0919777. Photographer Z. Lieberman, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by NHMW, Vienna, Austria.
Pheidole gibba casent0919779 h 1 high.jpgPheidole gibba casent0919779 p 1 high.jpgPheidole gibba casent0919779 d 1 high.jpgPheidole gibba casent0919779 l 1 high.jpg
Syntype of Pheidole gibbaWorker. Specimen code casent0919779. Photographer Z. Lieberman, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by NHMW, Vienna, Austria.
Pheidole gibba focol1545 d 1 high.jpgPheidole gibba focol1545 h 1 high.jpgPheidole gibba focol1545 p 1 high.jpgPheidole gibba focol1545 p 2 high.jpg
Type of Pheidole gibbaWorker. Specimen code focol1545. Photographer Christiana Klingenberg, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by ZMHB, Berlin, Germany.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • gibba. Pheidole gibba Mayr, 1887: 590 (s.), 604 (w.) BRAZIL. Senior synonym of lopesi: Kempf, 1972b: 455. See also: Wilson, 2003: 695.
  • lopesi. Pheidole gibba var. lopesi Borgmeier, 1937b: 233 (s.w.) BRAZIL. Junior synonym of gibba: Kempf, 1972b: 455.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.


From Wilson (2003): DIAGNOSIS Very distinctive within Pheidole as a whole.

Major: large; slender; humeri very prominent, subangulate, each forming a large equilateral triangle in dorsal-oblique view; pronotum with transversely rugulose dorsum and vertically carinulate sides; all of dorsal surface of head carinulate except occiput and frontal triangle, which are smooth; carinulae that originate from posterior half of sides of frontal lobes curve laterally and then posteriorly; postpetiole diamond-shaped from above.

Minor: humeri as in major (q.v.); all of mesosomal dorsum foveolate; occiput narrowed, with nuchal collar.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Lectotype major: HW 1.96, HL 2.10, SL 1.22, EL 0.24, PW 0.98. Paralectotype minor: HW 0.84, HL 1.00, SL 1.12, EL 0.18, PW 0.58.

COLOR Major: concolorous medium reddish brown.

Minor: body light reddish brown, appendages brownish yellow.

Pheidole gibba Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: lectotype, major. Lower: paralectotype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Type Material

BRAZIL: Santa Catarina. Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Vienna - as reported in Wilson (2003)


L gibba, humpbacked, referring to the extended humeri. (Wilson 2003)


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Kempf W. W. 1972. A study of some Neotropical ants of genus Pheidole Westwood. I. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Studia Entomologica 15: 449-464.
  • Kempf W. W. 1978. A preliminary zoogeographical analysis of a regional ant fauna in Latin America. 114. Studia Entomologica 20: 43-62.
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • Rosa da Silva R. 1999. Formigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) do oeste de Santa Catarina: historico das coletas e lista atualizada das especies do Estado de Santa Catarina. Biotemas 12(2): 75-100.