Pheidole kugleri

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Pheidole kugleri
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. kugleri
Binomial name
Pheidole kugleri
Wilson, 2003

The type series was collected from primary forest on a steep hillside above farmland. (Wilson 2003)


See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species


Only known from the type locality.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Peru (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb



Only known from the major worker.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • kugleri. Pheidole kugleri Wilson, 2003: 309, figs. (s.w.) PERU.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.


A member of the “jujuyensis complex” of the larger fallax group, comprising Pheidole araneoides, Pheidole cuevasi, Pheidole durionei, Pheidole jujuyensis, Pheidole kugleri, Pheidole leonina, Pheidole leptina, Pheidole lucretii, Pheidole lupus, Pheidole paraensis, Pheidole punctithorax, Pheidole tijucana, Pheidole wallacei and Pheidole wolfringi. P. kugleri is easily distinguished from the other species by the following traits.

Major: antennal scapes exceed occipital corners by twice their maximum width; carinulae originating on frontal lobes and along frontal carinae spread laterally out to create a fan-like pattern, with those coming from the more anterior parts of the frontal carinae turning almost horizontal to travel toward the sides of the head; rugoreticula on each side of the head extend from the eye to the antennal fossa; occiput narrowed, the nadir of its cleft deep and rounded; promesonotum and all surfaces of the propodeum carinulate.

The holotype is more heavily sculptured than the average.

Minor: unknown.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.34, HL 1.50, SL 1.34, EL 0.24, PW 0.68. COLOR Major: body dark brown, appendages medium brown.

Pheidole kugleri Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Holotype, major. PERU: 3 km north of Oxacampa, Pasco, 2000 m (Charles Kugler and R. R. Lambert). No minors available.Scale bars = 1 mm.

Type Material

PERU: 3 km north of Oxacampa, Pasco, 2000 m, col. Charles Kugler and R. R. Lambert. Museum of Comparative Zoology


Named after Charles Kugler, in recognition of his research in myrmecology and his extraordinary collections of Pheidole made in Colombia and other parts of South America.


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Bezdeckova K., P. Bedecka, and I. Machar. 2015. A checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Peru. Zootaxa 4020 (1): 101–133.