The type series was collected from primary forest on a steep hillside above farmland. (Wilson 2003)
See the description in the nomenclature section.
Keys including this Species
Only known from the type locality.
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
Only known from the major worker.
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- kugleri. Pheidole kugleri Wilson, 2003: 309, figs. (s.w.) PERU.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
A member of the “jujuyensis complex” of the larger fallax group, comprising Pheidole araneoides, Pheidole cuevasi, Pheidole durionei, Pheidole jujuyensis, Pheidole kugleri, Pheidole leonina, Pheidole leptina, Pheidole lucretii, Pheidole lupus, Pheidole paraensis, Pheidole punctithorax, Pheidole tijucana, Pheidole wallacei and Pheidole wolfringi. P. kugleri is easily distinguished from the other species by the following traits.
Major: antennal scapes exceed occipital corners by twice their maximum width; carinulae originating on frontal lobes and along frontal carinae spread laterally out to create a fan-like pattern, with those coming from the more anterior parts of the frontal carinae turning almost horizontal to travel toward the sides of the head; rugoreticula on each side of the head extend from the eye to the antennal fossa; occiput narrowed, the nadir of its cleft deep and rounded; promesonotum and all surfaces of the propodeum carinulate.
The holotype is more heavily sculptured than the average.
MEASUREMENTS (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.34, HL 1.50, SL 1.34, EL 0.24, PW 0.68. COLOR Major: body dark brown, appendages medium brown.
Figure. Holotype, major. PERU: 3 km north of Oxacampa, Pasco, 2000 m (Charles Kugler and R. R. Lambert). No minors available.Scale bars = 1 mm.
PERU: 3 km north of Oxacampa, Pasco, 2000 m, col. Charles Kugler and R. R. Lambert. Museum of Comparative Zoology
Named after Charles Kugler, in recognition of his research in myrmecology and his extraordinary collections of Pheidole made in Colombia and other parts of South America.
- Wilson, E. O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. (page 309, fig. major described)