Pheidole laticrista

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Pheidole laticrista
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. laticrista
Binomial name
Pheidole laticrista
Santschi, 1916

MCZ-ENT00022597 Pheidole laticrista hal.jpg

MCZ-ENT00022597 Pheidole laticrista had.jpg

Type Label

This species is only known from type specimens. Nothing is known about its biology.

Identification

See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Only known from the type locality.


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: -24.383333° to -31.736°.

 
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Argentina (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

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Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.

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Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • laticrista. Pheidole (Elasmopheidole) laticrista Santschi, 1916e: 375, 2 figs. (s.w.q.) ARGENTINA. See also: Wilson, 2003: 134.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

From Wilson (2003): Major: frontal lobes greatly expanded anteriorly, so that their edges project beyond the lateral head margins in full-face view, and their flat anterior margins just reach the anterior clypeal border; in side view the frontal lobes project downward over the clypeus like thin horns; pronotum greatly enlarged, in dorsal-oblique view 4X higher than the mesonotal convexity, and seen fromabove more than 2X as wide as the mesonotum; head bicolored (see color below).

Minor: nearly identical to minor of Pheidole cavifrons (q.v.) except for large eye, as illustrated.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Lectotype major: HW 0.94, HL 1.28, SL 0.22, EL 0.12, PW 0.66. Paralectotype minor: HW 0.50, HL 0.56, SL 0.38, EL 0.08, PW 0.34.

COLOR Major: body medium yellow except for anterior dorsal surface of head, which is medium brown.

Minor: concolorous yellow.


Pheidole laticrista Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: lectotype, major. Lower: paralectotype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Syntype Specimen Labels

Type Material

ARGENTINA: Estación Sosa, Entre Rios. Naturhistorisches Museum, Basel and Museum of Comparative Zoology - as reported in Wilson (2003)

Etymology

L laticrista, broad ridge, referring to the widely expanded frontal lobes. (Wilson 2003)

References

  • Santschi, F. 1916e. Formicides sudaméricains nouveaux ou peu connus. Physis (B. Aires) 2: 365-399 (page 375, 2 figs. soldier, worker, queen described)
  • Wilson, E. O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. (page 134, fig. major, minor described)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Brandao, C.R.F. 1991. Adendos ao catalogo abreviado das formigas da regiao neotropical (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 35: 319-412.
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • Kusnezov N. 1978. Hormigas argentinas: clave para su identificación. Miscelánea. Instituto Miguel Lillo 61:1-147 + 28 pl.
  • Zolessi L. C. de, Y. P. Abenante, and M. E. de Philippi. 1988. Lista sistematica de las especies de Formicidos del Uruguay. Comun. Zool. Mus. Hist. Nat. Montev. 11: 1-9.
  • Zolessi L. C. de; Y. P. de Abenante, and M. E. Philippi. 1989. Catálogo sistemático de las especies de Formícidos del Uruguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Montevideo: ORCYT Unesco, 40 + ix pp.
  • de Zolessi, L.C., Y.P. de Abenante and M.E. Philippi. 1987. Lista sistemática de las especies de formícidos del Uruguay. Comunicaciones Zoologicas del Museo de Historia Natural de Montevideo 11(165):1-9
  • de Zolessi, L.C., Y.P. de Abenante and M.E. Phillipi. 1989. Catalago Systematico de las Especies de Formicidos del Uruguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Oficina Regional de Ciencia y Technologia de la Unesco para America Latina y el Caribe- ORCYT. Montevideo, Uruguay