Pheidole leonina

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Pheidole leonina
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. leonina
Binomial name
Pheidole leonina
Wilson, 2003

In terra firme forest, recruiting to dead cockroach. (Wilson 2003)


See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species


Only known from the type locality.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil, Peru (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • leonina. Pheidole leonina Wilson, 2003: 315, figs. (s.w.) PERU.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.


A member of the “jujuyensis complex” of the larger fallax group, comprising Pheidole araneoides, Pheidole cuevasi, Pheidole durionei, Pheidole jujuyensis, Pheidole kugleri, Pheidole leonina, Pheidole leptina, Pheidole lucretii, Pheidole lupus, Pheidole paraensis, Pheidole punctithorax, Pheidole tijucana, Pheidole wallacei and Pheidole wolfringi. P. leonina is distinguished as follows.

Major: occiput narrowed in full-face view; antennal scape exceeding occipital corner by more than its own maximum width; rugoreticulum on each side of dorsum of head in full-face view extends from anterior margin of head to edge of occiput, where it is replaced by rugulae; propodeal spines stout, short, equilaterally triangular; all of central strip of first gastral tergite shagreened.

Minor: propodeal spines reduced to denticles; occiput drawn into thin neck, with nuchal collar.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.52, HL 1.60, SL 1.44, EL 0.30, PW 0.82. Paratype minor: HW 0.62, HL 0.92, SL 1.44, EL 0.22, PW 0.46.

COLOR Major: mandibles light reddish brown, body and antennae light reddish to yellowish brown, legs medium to dark yellow.

Minor: concolorous medium yellow.

Pheidole leonina Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Type Material

PERU: Cuzco Amazónico, 15 km northeast of Puerto Maldonado, Madre de Dios, col. Stefan Cover. Museum of Comparative Zoology


L leonina, lion-like.