Hilly rainforest, nesting in myrmecophytic melastomes (Leeanne Tennant-Alonso in Panama and Colombia). Winged males were present in a nest in Colombia in early June and in Panama in early July. (Wilson 2003)
See the description in the nomenclature section.
Keys including this Species
Known from the type locality in Panama and from Colombia (near San José, Chocó, localities in Valle) and Ecuador (Endesa, Pichincha). (Wilson 2003)
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- melastomae. Pheidole melastomae Wilson, 2003: 451, figs. (s.w.) PANAMA.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
DIAGNOSIS A medium-sized, yellow member of the flavens group characterized by a nearly complete absence in major and minor of sculpturing anywhere behind the anterior half of the head, the reduction of the propodeal spine to an obtuse angle, the very small size of the propodeal spiracle, shallow occipital concavity in full-face view, and abundant long pilosity. The major is further distinguished by its overall flattened mesosomal dorsal profile and laterally angulate postpetiole.
MEASUREMENTS (mm) Holotype major: HW 0.80, HL 0.84, SL 0.42, EL 0.10, PW 0.42. Paratype minor: HW 0.44, HL 0.46, SL 0.42, EL 0.06, PW 0.24.
COLOR Major: body mostly clear medium yellow, with dorsum of head and mandibles brownish yellow.
Minor: concolorous light to medium yellow.
Figure. Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.
PANAMA: Estácion Nusagandi, Comarca de Kuna Yala, 350 m, col. Leeanne Tennant-Alonso. Museum of Comparative Zoology
L melastomae, referring to the preferred melastome nesting site.
- Wilson, E. O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. (page 451, fig. major, minor described)