Pheidole musinermis

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Pheidole musinermis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. musinermis
Binomial name
Pheidole musinermis
Longino, 2019

This species occurs in lower montane wet forest. Most collections are from ground baits, to which minors and majors recruit. Minor workers have been collected in a pan trap and a Winkler sample of sifted litter.


Minor: face smooth and shining; head strongly tapering posteriorly; occipital carina strongly developed; promesonotal groove present, distinctly impressed; lateral pronotum smooth and shiny; katepisternum faintly foveate; propodeal spines nearly absent; gaster smooth and shining; abundant, flexuous, erect setae on mesosomal dorsum, tibiae, and gastral dorsum; color yellow.

Major: inner hypostomal teeth widely spaced, acicular; scape base subterete, narrower than apical portion; face with irregular rugulae anteriorly, entire face with faint foveolate sculpture; promesonotal groove impressed; propodeal spines forming obtuse angles, not dentiform; gastral dorsum foveolate on anterior half; abundant, erect, flexuous setae on face, sides of head, mesosomal dorsum, tibiae, and gastral dorsum.

Measurements, minor worker: HW 0.60, HL 0.87, SL 1.37, EL 0.17, WL 1.23, PSL 0.00, PTW 0.13, PPW 0.21, CI 69, SI 229, PSLI 0, PPI 154 (n=3).

Measurements, major worker: HW 1.59, HL 1.70, SL 1.32, EL 0.25, WL 1.78, PSL 0.02, PTW 0.31, PPW 0.45, CI 94, SI 83, PSLI 2, PPI 147 (n=2).

This species is part of a complex of large, yellow species that occur in Costa Rica. It is similar to Pheidole familiaparra, Pheidole savegre, Pheidole musacolor, and Pheidole tinamu, but is distinguishable by the lack of propodeal spines in the minor worker.


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Costa Rica (type locality), Panama.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • musinermis. Pheidole musinermis Longino, 2019: 48, fig. 42 (w.) COSTA RICA.

Type Material

  • HOLOTYPE: 1 major worker, Costa Rica, San José: Cerro Plano, 9.48117 -83.96363 ±50 m, 1060 m, 6-Jul-2015, ridgetop cloud forest, at bait (ADMAC, Ba-E-06-2-04-07) [MUCR, unique specimen identifier CASENT0631280].
  • PARATYPES: major, minor workers: same data as holotype [CAS, DZUP, JTLC, MCZC, MUCR, USNM].



The color of a banana, and lacking propodeal spines.


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Longino J. T. 2019. Pheidole (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of Middle American wet forest. Zootaxa 4599: 1-126