Pheidole neolongiceps

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Pheidole neolongiceps
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. neolongiceps
Binomial name
Pheidole neolongiceps
Brown, 1950

The biology of this ant is not known.


See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species


From Wilson (2003): Known from the type locality and a second series I have identified from Sierra de Mesa, Pinar del Rio, Cuba, col. J. Fontenla.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Cuba (type locality), Greater Antilles.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • longiceps. Pheidole longiceps Aguayo, 1932: 218 (s.) CUBA. [Junior primary homonym of longiceps Mayr, above.] Replacement name: neolongiceps Brown, 1950e: 250.
  • neolongiceps. Pheidole neolongiceps Brown, 1950e: 250. Replacement name for longiceps Aguayo, 1932: 218. [Junior primary homonym of longiceps Mayr, 1876: 106.] See also: Wilson, 2003: 471.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.


From Wilson (2003): DIAGNOSIS A medium-sized, brown member of the flavens group whose major is distinguished by its elongate head; antennal scrobes; longitudinal carinulae that reach the occiput, and near the occipital border turn laterad to proceed to the occipital corners; long, thick petiolar spines that point backward, especially in dorsal-oblique view; and wide, angulate postpetiolar node.

Similar to Pheidole beloceps, Pheidole charazana, Pheidole longinoi and Pheidole prolixa, but differing from each in various combinations of the above traits, and other traits, as shown.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Holotype major: HW 0.82, HL 0.96, SL 0.40, EL 0.10, PW 0.46.

COLOR Major: body dark brown, appendages medium brown.

Pheidole neolongiceps Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Unique holotype major. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Type Material

CUBA: Caribarién. Museum of Comparative Zoology- as reported in Wilson (2003)


L neolongiceps, new (for replacement name) long-headed.(Wilson 2003)


  • Aguayo, C. G. 1932. Notes on West Indian ants. Bull. Brooklyn Entomol. Soc. 27: 215-227 (page 218, longiceps)
  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1950g. Morphological, taxonomic, and other notes on ants. Wasmann J. Biol. 8: 241-250 (page 250, replacement name)
  • Mayr, G. 1876. Die australischen Formiciden. J. Mus. Godeffroy 12: 56-115 (page 106, junior primary homonym of longiceps)
  • Wilson, E. O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. (page 471, fig. major described)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Aguayo C. G. 1932. Notes on West Indian ants. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 27: 215-227.
  • Alayo D. P. 1974. Introduccion al estudio de los Himenopteros de Cuba. Superfamilia Formicoidea. Academia de Ciencias de Cuba. Instituto de Zoologia. Serie Biologica no.53: 58 pp. La Habana.
  • Fontanla Rizo J.L. 1997. Lista preliminar de las hormigas de Cuba. Cocuyo 6: 18-21.
  • Fontenla J. L., and J. Alfonso-Simonetti. 2018. Classification of Cuban ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) into functional groups. Poeyana Revista Cubana de Zoologia 506: 21-30.
  • Fontenla Rizo J. L. 1993. Composición y estructura de comunidades de hormigas en un sistema de formaciones vegetales costeras. Poeyana. Instituto de Ecología y Sistemática, Academia de Ciencias de Cuba 441: 1-19.
  • Fontenla Rizo J. L. 1997. Lista preliminar de las hormigas de Cuba (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Cocuyo 6: 18-21.
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • Reyes, J. L. "Inventario de la colección de hormigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) del Centro Oriental de Ecosistemas y Biodiversidad, Santiago de Cuba, Cuba." Boletín de la Sociedad Aragonesa 36 (2005): 279-283.
  • Wilson, E.O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A Dominant, Hyperdiverse Genus. Harvard University Press