Rosumek (2017) assessed trophic resource use and period of activity within the ant community in a southern Brazil Atlantic forest. He found, relative to other Pheidole sampled in this study, Pheidole lucretii, Pheidole nesiota, and Pheidole sigillata had similar patterns and broadly used the most attractive resources. Pheidole nesiota also showed a slight preference for foraging during the day.
See the description in the nomenclature section.
Keys including this Species
Only known from the type locality.
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.
- nesiota. Pheidole nesiota Wilson, 2003: 327, figs. (s.w.) BRAZIL.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Major: antennal scape slightly exceeds occipital corner; all of promesonotum foveolate and opaque; anterior third of pronotum carinulate; rugoreticulum on head confined to area mesad to eye; mesonotal convexity in side view followed posteriorly by second, feeble convexity, which is also anterior to the metanotal depression; propodeal spines small; carinulae on frontal lobes limited to margins; postpetiole diamond-shaped.
Minor: humerus obtuse-angulate in dorsal-oblique view; propodeal spine equilaterally triangular; promesonotum entirely foveolate and opaque; occiput narrowed, with nuchal collar.
MEASUREMENTS (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.16, HL 1.16, SL 1.00, EL 0.20, PW 0.60. Paratype minor: HW 0.50, HL 0.62, SL 0.86, EL 0.14, PW 0.34.
COLOR Major: body medium brown, appendages yellowish brown.
Minor: yellowish brown except for tarsi, which are clear yellow.
Figure. Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.
BRAZIL: Cananeia, Ilha do Cordoso-Mata, col. L. C. Duarte. Museum of Comparative Zoology
Gr nesiota, islander, referring to the type locality.
- Rosumek, F. B. 2017. Natural History of Ants: What We (do not) Know about Trophic and Temporal Niches of Neotropical Species. Sociobiology. 64:244-255. doi:10.13102/sociobiology.v64i3.1623
- Wilson, E. O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. (page 327, fig. major, minor described)