This species is only known from type specimens. The type series was collected in forest. (Wilson 2003)
See the description in the nomenclature section.
Only known from the type locality.
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
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The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- palenquensis. Pheidole palenquensis Wilson, 2003: 482, figs. (s.w.) ECUADOR.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
DIAGNOSIS Similar in various traits to Pheidole albipes, Pheidole alticola, Pheidole chalca, Pheidole ebenina, Pheidole euryscopa, Pheidole lustrata, Pheidole hedlundorum, Pheidole monteverdensis and Pheidole servilia, distinguished as follows.
Major: very small; head quadrate; dorsal occiput covered by broken, irregular rugulae, rest of dorsal head surface carinulate except for frontal triangle and midclypeus, which are smooth; all of body foveolate and opaque except gaster, which is smooth and shiny; antennal scapes moderately long, their tips touching lateral margins of the head midway between level of eyes and level of occiput; propodeal spines curved backward (“melted” in appearance).
Minor: eye oval, set well forward on head; promesonotal profile in side view perfectly semicircular; propodeal spines curved or straight; carinulae limited to antennal fossae, and all of head and mesosoma foveolate and opaque.
MEASUREMENTS (mm) Holotype major: HW 0.66, HL 0.66, SL 0.40, EL 0.06, PW 0.34. Paratype minor: HW 0.42, HL 0.44, SL 0.42, EL 0.08, PW 0.26.
COLOR Major: body dark reddish yellow, appendages medium yellow.
Minor: body light brownish yellow, appendages medium yellow.
Figure. Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratypes, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.
ECUADOR: Rio Palenque Station, 47 km south of Santo Domingo de los Colorados, Pichincha, 215 m, col. S. and J. Peck. Museum of Comparative Zoology
Named after the type locality.
- Wilson, E. O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. (page 482, fig. major, minor described)