Pheidole pallidula orientalis

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Pheidole pallidula orientalis
Scientific classification (junior synonym of Pheidole koshewnikovi)
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: Pheidole pallidula orientalis
Müller, 1923

This taxon is not in use as it is currently considered to be a junior synonym of Pheidole koshewnikovi.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • orientalis. Pheidole pallidula subsp. orientalis Müller, 1923: 69 (s.w.) TURKESTAN.
    • [First available use of Pheidole pallidula subsp. arenarum var. orientalis Emery, 1915j: 230; unavailable (infrasubspecific) name.]
    • Karavaiev, 1926b: 107 (q.m.); Menozzi, 1936d: 280 (l.).
    • Subspecies of pallidula: Menozzi, 1928a: 126.
    • Junior synonym of pallidula: Baroni Urbani, 1964a: 3; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 123.
    • Junior synonym of koshewnikovi: Seifert, 2016b: 13.


  • Atanassov, N.; Dlussky, G. M. 1992. Fauna of Bulgaria. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Fauna Bûlg. 22: 1-310 (page 123, junior synonym of pallidula)
  • Baroni Urbani, C. 1964a. Su alcune formiche raccolte in Turchia. Annu. Ist. Mus. Zool. Univ. Napoli 16: 1-12 (page 3, junior synonym of pallidula)
  • Emery, C. 1915i. Les Pheidole du groupe megacephala (Formicidae). Rev. Zool. Afr. (Bruss.) 4: 223-250 (page 230, first available use of Pheidole pallidula subsp. arenarum var. orientalis; unavailable name.)
  • Karavaiev, V. 1926b. Beiträge zur Ameisenfauna des Kaukasus, nebst einigen Bemerkungen über andere palaearktische Formen. Konowia 5: 93-109 (page 107, queen, male described)
  • Menozzi, C. 1936b. Nuovi contributi alla conoscenza della fauna delle Isole italiane dell'Egeo. VI. Hymenoptera - Formicidae. Boll. Lab. Zool. Gen. Agrar. R. Sc. Super. Agric. 29: 262-311 (page 280, larva described)
  • Müller, G. 1923b. Le formiche della Venezia Guilia e della Dalmazia. Boll. Soc. Adriat. Sci. Nat. Trieste 28: 11-180 (page 69, soldier, worker described)
  • Seifert, B. 2016b. Inconvenient hyperdiversity – the traditional concept of “Pheidole pallidula” includes four cryptic species. Soil Organisms 88: 1-17.