Pheidole peruviana

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Pheidole peruviana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. peruviana
Binomial name
Pheidole peruviana
Wilson, 2003

Nothing is known about the biology of peruviana.


See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species


Only known from the type locality.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Ecuador, Peru (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • peruviana. Pheidole peruviana Wilson, 2003: 731, figs. (s.w.) PERU.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.


DIAGNOSIS Similar in various traits to Pheidole amata, Pheidole ambigua, Pheidole celaena, Pheidole fera, Pheidole germaini, Pheidole rutilana, Pheidole schwarzmaieri, Pheidole superba and Pheidole vomer, differing as follows.

Major: reddish yellow; head in side view with strongly convex venter and weakly convex dorsum, tapering strongly toward occiput, and in full-face view subrectangular, somewhat elongate, with straight sides; small patch of rugoreticulum present just posterior to antennal fossa on each side; remainder of anterior half of head dorsum mostly carinulate, and posterior half smooth and shiny; humeri in dorsal-oblique view raised as prominent lobes; anterior third of pronotal dorsum carinulate and remainder of promesonotal dorsum smooth, as well as lower half of mesopleuron; postpetiole from above diamond-shaped.

Minor: occiput strongly narrowed, with nuchal collar; all of head posterior to eyes smooth; all of mesosoma foveolate; propodeal spines small and vertical on the propodeal basal face.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.80, HL 2.10, SL 0.86, EL 0.22, PW 0.88. Paratype minor: HW 0.60, HL 0.72, SL 0.86, EL 0.12, PW 0.42.

COLOR Major: concolorous reddish yellow.

Minor: concolorous plain medium yellow.

Pheidole peruviana Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Type Material

Museum of Comparative Zoology

Type Locality Information

PERU: Estácion Biologia de Cocha Cashu, Manu National Park, Madre de Dios, 400 m, col. Diane W. Davidson.


Named after the country of origin of the type colony.


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Alonso L., M. Kaspari, and A. Alonso. 2001. Assessment of the Ants of the Lower Urubamba Region, Peru. Pp 87-93. In: Alsonso A, Dallmeier F, Campbell P, editors. Urubamba: The biodiversity of a Peruvian rainforest. SI/MAB Biodiversity Program-Smithsonian Institution. 204 p.
  • Fernández, F. and S. Sendoya. 2004. Lista de las hormigas neotropicales. Biota Colombiana Volume 5, Number 1.
  • Ryder Wilkie K.T., A. L. Mertl, and J. F. A. Traniello. 2010. Species Diversity and Distribution Patterns of the Ants of Amazonian Ecuador. PLoS ONE 5(10): e13146.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0013146