Pheidole rectispina

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Pheidole rectispina
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. rectispina
Binomial name
Pheidole rectispina
Wilson, 2003

Pheidole rectispina inbiocri001242943 p 1 high.jpg

Specimen Label

Occurs on the floor of primary rainforest. (Wilson 2003)


See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species


From Wilson (2003): Atlantic slope of Costa Rica from lowlands to montane forest (Longino 1997) and Belize (Hummingbird Gap, near Stann, col. S. Peck).

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 18.5859972° to 9.4817844°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Belize, Costa Rica (type locality), Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb






The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • rectispina. Pheidole rectispina Wilson, 2003: 495, figs. (s.w.) COSTA RICA.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.


DIAGNOSIS Similar in various traits to Pheidole bilimeki, Pheidole floridana, Pheidole hazenae, Pheidole rectiluma, Pheidole rectisentis, Pheidole rectitrudis, Pheidole sospes and Pheidole stomachosa, differing as follows.

Major: propodeal spine half as long as propodeal basal face and perpendicular to it; humeri low and subangulate; mesonotal convexity present; postpetiole from above elliptical, with angulate lateral margins; all of dorsal surface of head except occipital lobes, frontal triangle, and midclypeus carinulate; all of mesosoma and most of head and waist foveolate and opaque; anterior fringe of first gastral tergite shagreened.

Minor: propodeal spine half as long as the propodeal face and vertical on it; postpetiolar node somewhat depressed; occiput broad, its margin concave; all of head and mesosoma foveolate and opaque, no rugoreticulum and almost no carinulae.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.00, HL 1.14, SL 0.56, EL 0.14, PW 0.50. Paratype minor: HW 0.44, HL 0.50, SL 0.46, EL 0.08, PW 0.30.

COLOR Major: dark, even blackish brown.

Minor: body medium brown, appendages yellowish brown.

Pheidole rectispina Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Type Material

COSTA RICA: La Selva Biological Station, near Puerto Viejo, Heredia, col. E. O. Wilson. Museum of Comparative Zoology


L rectispina, upright spine.


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Dattilo W. et al. 2019. MEXICO ANTS: incidence and abundance along the Nearctic-Neotropical interface. Ecology
  • Fernández, F. and S. Sendoya. 2004. Lista de las hormigas neotropicales. Biota Colombiana Volume 5, Number 1.
  • Longino J. T. L., and M. G. Branstetter. 2018. The truncated bell: an enigmatic but pervasive elevational diversity pattern in Middle American ants. Ecography 41: 1-12.
  • Longino J. T., J. Coddington, and R. K. Colwell. 2002. The ant fauna of a tropical rain forest: estimating species richness three different ways. Ecology 83: 689-702.
  • Longino J. T., and R. K. Colwell. 2011. Density compensation, species composition, and richness of ants on a neotropical elevational gradient. Ecosphere 2(3): 16pp.
  • Longino J. et al. ADMAC project. Accessed on March 24th 2017 at