Pheidole sarpedon

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Pheidole sarpedon
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. sarpedon
Binomial name
Pheidole sarpedon
Wilson, 2003

Nothing is known about the biology of sarpedon.


See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species


Only known from the type locality.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Ecuador (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb



Only known from the major caste.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • sarpedon. Pheidole sarpedon Wilson, 2003: 749, figs. (s.) ECUADOR.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.


DIAGNOSIS Similar in various ways to Pheidole balzani, Pheidole brunnescens, Pheidole exarata, Pheidole excubitor, Pheidole fabricator, Pheidole germaini, Pheidole hispaniolae, Pheidole nigella, Pheidole prattorum, Pheidole sabina, Pheidole tristis, Pheidole tristops and Pheidole unicornis, differing as follows.

Major: reddish yellow; occipital cleft deep and rounded; postpetiolar venter with prominent forward-directed lobe; humerus in dorsaloblique view elevated prominently as a lobe; propodeal spines vertical to propodeal basal face; carinulae cover anterior half of dorsal head surface, and those mesad to eye bend inward; postpetiolar node from above conulate.

Minor: unknown.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.46, HL 1.60, SL 0.80, EL 0.14, PW 0.68.

COLOR Major: body medium to dark reddish yellow, mandibles and antennal scapes reddish brown, legs light reddish yellow.

Pheidole sarpedon Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Holotype, major. (Minor unknown.) Scale bars = 1 mm.

Type Material

ECUADOR: Limoncocha, Napo, 250 m, col. Stewart B. and Jarmila Kukalová-Peck. Museum of Comparative Zoology


Gr Sarpedon, mythical commander of Priam’s Lycian allies.


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Fernández, F. and S. Sendoya. 2004. Lista de las hormigas neotropicales. Biota Colombiana Volume 5, Number 1.
  • Mertl, A.L. and J.F.A. Traniello. 2009. Behavioral evolution in the major worker subcaste of twig-nesting Pheidole (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): does morphological specialization influence task plasticity? Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 63:1141-1426