Pheidole sebofila

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Pheidole sebofila
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. sebofila
Binomial name
Pheidole sebofila
Longino, 2009

Pheidole sebofila casent0610095 p 1 high.jpg

Pheidole sebofila casent0610095 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

This species is known from wet forest sites on the Atlantic slope of the Cordillera de Tilarán and the Cordillera Volcánica Central, from 500–1100m elevation. Two collections with major workers have been from baits on the forest floor (one at the edge of a stream). Minor workers have been collected in Winkler samples, pan traps, sweep samples, and as nocturnal foragers. (Longino 2009)


With the morphometric profile and general habitus of Pheidole indagatrix. Minor worker: dorsal portion of occipital carina reduced relative to lateral portions, such that in lateral view the carina not projecting, versus occipital carina similarly developed dorsally and laterally, such that in lateral view it is visible as a distinct lip or flange projecting from posterior head; propodeal spines relatively long, PSLI 17, versus spines shorter, PSLI < 13 (indagatrix). Major worker: face orange versus dark red brown; posterior one third to one half of face smooth and shining versus foveolate sculpture on face extends to or nearly to posterior margin (indagatrix). (Longino 2009)


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 10.33333333° to 10.26666667°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Costa Rica (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.


Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.








The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • sebofila. Pheidole sebofila Longino, 2009: 74, fig. 21 (s.w.) COSTA RICA.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



Minor Measurements (paratype): HL 0.85, HW 0.72, HLA 0.31, SL 1.22, EL 0.20, ML 1.14, PSL 0.15, PMG 0.04, SPL 0.05, PTW 0.13, PPW 0.20, CI 85, SI 169, PSLI 17, PMGI 4, SPLI 6, PPI 160.

Measurements (n=9): HL 0.81-0.90, HW 0.64-0.72, SL 1.13-1.28, CI 78-81, SI 168-188.

Mandible smooth and shining; clypeus smooth and shining; patch of rugose foveolate sculpture between frontal carina and compound eye, rest of face smooth and shining; margin of vertex trapezoidal; occipital carina moderately developed as a distinct flange, visible in full face view, more strongly developed laterally than dorsally, such that in lateral view the carina not projecting; scape with abundant erect setae longer than maximum width of scape; promesonotal groove present; propodeal spines present, long, thin, upturned; pronotum smooth and shining; anepisternum, katepisternum, dorsal face of propodeum, and upper lateral face of propodeum foveolate; metapleural bulla smooth and shining, with two strong carinae; abundant setae on promesonotal dorsum; dorsal (outer) margin of hind tibia with suberect setae, the longest longer than maximum width of tibia; first gastral tergum smooth and shining; gastral dorsum with abundant erect setae; color red brown.

Major Measurements (holotype): HL 1.70, HW 1.59, HLA 0.50, SL 1.26, EL 0.26, ML 1.58, PSL 0.13, PMG 0.05, SPL 0.09, PTW 0.22, PPW 0.39, CI 94, SI 79, PSLI 8, PMGI 3, SPLI 5, PPI .

Measurements (n=2): HL 1.56-1.70, HW 1.50-1.59, SL 1.16-1.26, CI 94-96, SI 77-79.

Mandibles smooth and shiny; clypeus smooth and flat with strong anterior notch; frontal carina elevated as vertical flange; anterolateral face with short longitudinal rugae, grading to reticulate rugae underlain by weak foveolate sculpture between frontal carina and compound eye, grading to foveolate sculpture with faint rugulae on scrobal area, grading to smooth and shining on posterior half to third of head, area between frontal carinae with rugose foveolate sculpture laterally, grading to smooth and shining medially, irregular faint patches of foveolate sculpture on posteromedian face (major worker collection from Peñas Blancas Valley has posterior half of face completely smooth and shining); head with abundant suberect to subdecumbent setae projecting from sides of head in face view; scape smooth and shining, terete at base, with abundant erect setae, the longest of which longer than maximum width of scape; hypostomal margin straight; median tooth absent or a broad, low gibbosity; inner hypostomal teeth thin and sharp, much closer to outer hypostomal teeth than to midline; promesonotal groove present; propodeal spines present; pronotum generally shining with areas of faint foveolae; katepisternum largely foveolate, grading to smooth and shiny anteroventrally; dorsal face and upper lateral face of propodeum foveolate, metapleural bulla smooth and shining with one to three longitudinal carinae; dorsal (outer) margin of hind tibia with abundant suberect setae longer than maximum width of tibia; pilosity abundant on mesosomal dorsum; postpetiole in dorsal view wider than long, with rounded sides; first gastral tergite with nearly effaced foveolate sculpture anteriorly (a microsculptural mesh), grading to smooth and shining posteriorly, with abundant erect setae; color somewhat bicolored, with orange head and mesosoma, dark brown gaster.

Type Material

Holotype major worker. Costa Rica, Heredia: Rara Avis, 17km S Pto. Viejo, 10.30000°N 84.05000°W, ±2000m, 700m, 11 Sep 1985 (J. Longino#1064) Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad, unique specimen identifier INBIOCRI001282230.

Paratypes: major and minor workers. Same data as holotype; Costa Rica, Alajuela: Casa Eladio, Rio Peñas Blancas, 10.31667°N 84.71667°W, ±2000m, 800m, 7 Mar 2002 (J. Longino#4643) INBC, John T. Longino Collection, Museum of Comparative Zoology.


The name means "bait lover."


  • Longino, J.T. 2009. Additions to the taxonomy of New World Pheidole. Zootaxa 2181: 1-90. PDF

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Longino J. T. 2009. Additions to the taxonomy of New World Pheidole (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 2181: 1-90.
  • Longino J. et al. ADMAC project. Accessed on March 24th 2017 at