Pheidole setosa

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Pheidole setosa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species group: pulchella
Species: P. setosa
Binomial name
Pheidole setosa
Fischer, Hita Garcia & Peters, 2012

This species is known from two minor workers from a single leaf-litter collection in rainforest.


A member of the pulchella species group.

In habitus and amount of sculpture the minors are comparable to those of Pheidole batrachorum, but the punctures in face and on dorsopronotum are much less distinct in P. setosa and the head is both, absolutely and relatively wider (CI: 87–90 [P. setosa] versus CI: 79–86 [P. batrachorum]). Scapes and legs are shorter in P. setosa than in P. batrachorum (SI: 141–145, FI: 167–168 versus SI: 152–172, FI: 172–196), the propodeal spines are significantly longer (PSLI: 31–35 versus PSLI: 21–29) and scape pilosity differs distinctly. (Fischer, Hita Garcia, & Peters 2012)

Keys including this Species


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 1.383333333° to -2.050343°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Democratic Republic of Congo (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • setosa. Pheidole setosa Fischer, Hita Garcia & Peters, 2012: 40 (m.w.) DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.


Color brown. Major unknown. Minor worker: head shape broadly elliptical (CI: 87–90), with relatively wide, slightly compressed posterior margin. In full-face view laterally projecting hairs present on head margin posterior of eye-level. Punctures in face variable, absent to superficial medially between eyes, stronger and more conspicuous in rest of face. Scape and metafemur moderately long (SI: 141–145, FI: 167–168), scape pilosity decumbent with additional erect to suberect hairs along outer edges. Metatibia pilosity appressed. Posterior and lateral pronotum smooth, rest of mesosoma with distinct punctures. Standing hairs coarse and moderately long and truncated, present on all dorsal surfaces.


minor Measurements (holotype): HL: 0.856, HW: 0.744, SL: 1.078, MDL: 0.578, EL: 0.178, MFL: 1.254, MTL: 0.989, WL: 1.133, PSL: 0.300, PTH: 0.178, PPH: 0.222, PTL: 0.367, PPL: 0.222, PTW: 0.122, PPW: 0.233, PW: 0.489; CI: 87, SI: 145, MDI: 78, PSLI: 35, PWI: 66, FI: 168, PpWI: 191, PpLI: 165

Measurements (n=1): HL: 0.867, HW: 0.778, SL: 1.100, MDL: 0.567, EL: 0.178, MFL: 1.302, MTL: 1.033, WL: 1.167, PSL: 0.267, PTH: 0.178, PPH: 0.233, PTL: 0.378, PPL: 0.211, PTW: 0.122, PPW: 0.233, PW: 0.511; CI: 90, SI: 141, MDI: 73, PSLI: 31, PWI: 66, FI: 167, PpWI: 191, PpLI: 172.

Head longer than wide (CI: 87–90), sides roundly convex, with in full-face view laterally projecting hairs posterior of eye-level. Posterior head margin broadly developed and compressed to almost flat and occipital carina narrow. Clypeus smooth, with conspicuous long median carina and short or inconspicuous submedian carinae. Frons smooth, hexagonally microsculptured. Weakly to conspicuously punctate areas posteriorly, about halfway between posterior eye-level and posterior head margin, laterally towards eyes and anteriorly towards malar space. Malar carinae ending at posterior eye-level. Scapes moderately long (SI: 141–145) with decumbent pilosity and with additional erect to suberect hairs along outer edge. Promesonotal outline angulate, dorsopronotum flat, pronotal and mesonotal declivities obtuse-angled, edges in lateral view almost straight and long. Second mesonotal process small, subangular and distinctly raised above level of dorsopropodeum. Metanotal groove conspicuous and dorsopropodeum flat. Spines relatively long and curved (PSLI: 31–35), about as long as height of posteropropodeum. Anterior dorsopronotum punctate, grading to smooth or superficially punctate posterodorsally and on posterior declivity. Lateropronotum mostly smooth, except superficial sculpture anteriorly and dorsally. Mesopleuron, metanotal process and propodeum uniformly punctate, except narrow, smooth strip between spines on dorsopropodeum. Metatibia with appressed to decumbent pilosity. Petiole and postpetiole weakly punctate laterally and ventrally, dorsum partly smooth and hexagonally micropunctate. Gaster smooth and shiny. Standing hairs stiff, of moderate length, apically truncated or split. Color brown.

Type Material

Holotype: (minor worker) D.R. CONGO, Epulu, 01° 23' N, 28° 35' E, 750 m, xi.1995, Rainforest (S.D. Torti) (California Academy of Sciences: CASENT0218297). Paratype: (1 minor worker) same data as holotype (CASC: CASENT0218298).