The type colony was found in mature montane rainforest, nesting beneath a rock in clay soil. A seed cache was present. (Wilson 2003)
- 1 Identification
- 2 Distribution
- 3 Biology
- 4 Castes
- 5 Nomenclature
- 6 References
- 7 References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
See the description in the nomenclature section.
Keys including this Species
Only known from the type locality.
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.
- triplex. Pheidole triplex Wilson, 2003: 767 (s.w.) TRINIDAD.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
DIAGNOSIS Major: virtually identical with Pheidole subarmata major except for its much smaller size (HW about 0.8 mm versus more than 0.9 mm in subarmata) and strikingly different color (see below). Stefan Cover, who has examined this species and subarmata in detail, reports that the head of the triplex major is also slightly narrower.
Minor: virtually identical with Pheidole subarmata minor except for its strikingly different color (see below). Another possible difference is habitat: the triplex types were collected in mature mountain rainforest, while subarmata prefers open, even disturbed habitats.
MEASUREMENTS (mm) Holotype major: HW 0.80, HL 1.06, SL 0.44, EL 0.12, PW 0.46. Paratype minor: HW 0.42, HL 0.46, SL 0.42, EL 0.09, PW 0.28.
COLOR Major: strongly tricolorous, with head and mandibles uniformly medium brown; mesosoma, waist, and appendages yellow; and gaster light brown.
Minor: concolorous clear light yellow.
TRINIDAD: Aripo Ridge, Arima Valley, 550-650 m, col. Stefan Cover and Mark W. Moffett. Museum of Comparative Zoology
L triplex, three parts, referring to the tricolorous condition of the major.
- Wilson, E. O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. (page 767, major, minor described)
References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
- Mertl A. L., J. F. A. Traniello, K. Ryder Wilkie, and R. Constantino. 2012. Associations of two ecologically significant social insect taxa in the litter of an amazonian rainforest: is there a relationship between ant and termite species richness? Psyche doi:10.1155/2012/312054