The type colony was found by Gary J. Umphrey in a coffee plantation, nesting under the bark and in the still-firm rotting wood of a very large log. Winged queens were present at the time of collection 15 June. (Wilson 2003)
- 1 Identification
- 2 Distribution
- 3 Biology
- 4 Castes
- 5 Nomenclature
- 6 References
- 7 References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
See the description in the nomenclature section.
Keys including this Species
Known from Costa Rica and Panama
Latitudinal Distribution Pattern
Latitudinal Range: -4.1° to -4.1°.
- Source: AntMaps
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.
- umphreyi. Pheidole umphreyi Wilson, 2003: 531, figs. (s.w.) PANAMA.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
DIAGNOSIS Similar in various traits to Pheidole nitidicollis, Pheidole mackayi, Pheidole tennantae, and several species close to them (q.v.), differing as follows. Major: dark brown with bicolored head (see color below); upper mesopleuron (anepisterum), dorsum of propodeum, and humerus covered by irregular, broken rugulae; lower mesopleuron (katepisterum), sides of propodeum, and most of anterior dorsal surface of head carinulate; middle of promesonotal dorsum in profile with a small, obliquely subangulate convexity; petiolar node in side view tapered toward apex; postpetiolar node from above oval.
Minor: mesopleuron and side of propodeum rugulose; most of head and all of pronotum smooth and shiny; occiput broad, its margin straight.
MEASUREMENTS (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.08, HL 1.08, SL 0.62, EL 0.12, PW 0.52. Paratype minor: HW 0.56, HL 0.62, SL 0.56, EL 0.06, PW 0.36.
COLOR Major: body dark brown; head bicolored: strip of head capsule anterior to anterior margin of eyes brownish yellow, rest of capsule dark brown; appendages medium brown.
Minor: body blackish brown; head bicolored: narrow strip of the anterior half of head capsule between eye and anterior head capsule border a contrasting brownish yellow.
Figure. Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.
PANAMA: Boquete, near Vulcan Baru, Chiriqui Province, 8°47'N 82°26'W, col. Gary J. Umphrey. Museum of Comparative Zoology
Named after the collector, field biologist and systematist Gary J. Umphrey.
- Wilson, E. O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. (page 531, fig. major, minor described)
References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
- Fernández, F. and S. Sendoya. 2004. Lista de las hormigas neotropicales. Biota Colombiana Volume 5, Number 1.