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The tribe Pheidolini belongs to the subfamily Myrmicinae. For a list of genera contained within this tribe see Pheidolini genera, for species see Pheidolini species.

Pheidolidae Emery, 1877a: 72. Type-genus: Pheidole.
Taxonomic history
Pheidolini as group of Myrmicidae: Emery, 1877a: 72 [Pheidolidae].
Pheidolini as subtribe of Myrmicini: Emery, 1924d: 357.
Pheidolini as tribe of Myrmicinae: Forel, 1893a: 165 [Pheidolii]; Emery, 1914a: 35; Forel, 1917: 241; Arnold, 1920a: 404; Emery, 1921f: 49; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 659; Brown, 1949a: 48; all subsequent authors.

Junior synonyms of PHEIDOLINI

Ocymyrmicini Emery, 1914a: 38 (diagnosis in key). Type-genus: Ocymyrmex.
Taxonomic history
Ocymyrmicini as tribe of Myrmicinae: Emery, 1914a: 38; Arnold, 1916: 194; Forel, 1917: 245; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 658; Emery, 1924d: 270; Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1976b: 57 [Ocymyrmecini]; Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1985: 257 [Ocymyrmecini]; Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 79 [Ocymyrmecini].
Ocymyrmicini as junior synonym of Pheidolini: Bolton & Marsh, 1989: 1281.

Lophomyrmicini Emery, 1914a: 41. Type-genus: Lophomyrmex.
Taxonomic history
Lophomyrmicini as subtribe of Pheidologetini: Emery, 1914a: 41; Forel, 1917: 243; Emery, 1924d: 208.
Lophomyrmicini as junior synonym of Pheidologetini: Bolton, 1994: 106 [Pheidologetonini].
Lophomyrmicini as junior synonym of Pheidolini (implied by Rigato, 1994a: 51, but not stated): Bolton, 1995b: 12.

Anergatidini Emery, 1922e: 116. Type-genus: Anergatides (junior synonym of Pheidole).
Taxonomic history
Anergatidini as subtribe of Pheidolini: Emery, 1922e: 116.
Anergatidini as junior synonym of Pheidolini: Bolton, 1994: 106.

Aphaenogastrini Enzmann, J. 1947b: 147. Type-genus: Aphaenogaster.
Taxonomic history
Aphaenogastrini as tribe of Myrmicinae: Enzmann, J. 1947b: 147.
Aphaenogastrini as junior synonym of Pheidolini: Brown, 1949a: 48.

Genera (extant) of Pheidolini: Anisopheidole, Aphaenogaster, Chimaeridris, Goniomma, Kartidris, Lophomyrmex, Messor, Ocymyrmex, Oxyopomyrmex, Pheidole.

Genera (extinct) incertae sedis in Pheidolini: *Lonchomyrmex, *Paraphaenogaster.

Tribe Pheidolini references
Emery, 1914a: 35, 38; 40, 41 (tribe diagnoses (in key); synoptic classifications); Forel, 1917: 241, 243 (synoptic classification); Emery, 1921f: 49 (Pheidolini diagnosis, genera key, catalogue); Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 670 (genera key); Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 802, 891 (Afrotropical Pheidolini, Ocymyrmecini catalogues); Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 1016 (Malagasy catalogue); Emery, 1924d: 270 (Ocymyrmicini diagnosis, catalogue); Kusnezov, 1952b: 9 (genera key); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1976b: 53, 57 (Pheidolini, Ocymyrmecini larvae, review & synthesis); Kugler, C. 1978a: 460 (sting structure); Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 80 (synoptic classification); Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 16 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1994: 106 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a: 1041 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 14 (catalogue); Fernández, 2003d: 321 (Neotropical genera); Bolton, 2003: 63, 228 (diagnosis, synopsis).