Platythyrea pilosula

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Platythyrea pilosula
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Platythyreini
Genus: Platythyrea
Species: P. pilosula
Binomial name
Platythyrea pilosula
(Smith, F., 1858)

Platythyrea pilosula casent0178861 profile 1.jpg

Platythyrea pilosula casent0178861 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen Label

Synonyms
At a Glance • Gamergate  

 

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil (type locality), Colombia, Costa Rica, Paraguay, Venezuela.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Queen

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • pilosula. Ponera pilosula Smith, F. 1858b: 95 (w.) BRAZIL (no state data).
    • Type-material: 2 syntype workers.
    • [Note: a remounted worker in BMNH is labelled “type” and has a red disc. Apart from this the specimen has only a square of yellow paper and the label “Smith coll. Presented by Mrs Farren White.” A second worker, that has not been remounted, has the same labels but lacks the “type” disc, and has a white rectangular label “Frstrm.” Type-locality given by Smith is merely “Brazil.” This is absent from both specimens. It is perhaps best to regard both specimens as syntypes.]
    • Type-locality: Brazil: (no further data).
    • Type-depository: BMNH.
    • Combination in Platythyrea: Mayr, 1886c: 358;
    • combination in Leptogenys: Emery, 1911d: 106;
    • combination in Platythyrea: Donisthorpe, 1932c: 474; Kempf, 1965: 181.
    • Status as species: Mayr, 1863: 449; Mayr, 1886c: 358; Dalla Torre, 1893: 41; Emery, 1911d: 106; Borgmeier, 1923: 75; Donisthorpe, 1932c: 474; Kempf, 1965: 181; Kempf, 1972a: 206; Brown, 1975: 9, 53; Brandão, 1991: 371; Bolton, 1995b: 336; Wild, 2007b: 40; Mackay, Mackay, et al. 2008: 208; Feitosa, 2015c: 99; Fernández & Guerrero, 2019: 513.
    • Senior synonym of incerta: Brown, 1975: 9; Brandão, 1991: 371; Bolton, 1995b: 337.
    • Distribution: Brazil, Colombia, Paraguay, Venezuela.
  • incerta. Platythyrea incerta Emery, 1890a: 56 (w.) VENEZUELA.
    • Type-material: holotype worker.
    • Type-locality: Venezuela: San Esteban (E. Simon).
    • Type-depository: MSNG.
    • Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1971b: 1198 (l.).
    • Subspecies of punctata: Forel, 1912c: 36.
    • Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 27; Forel, 1901f: 336; Emery, 1911d: 30; Mann, 1916: 402; Borgmeier, 1923: 53; Wheeler, W.M. 1923a: 2; Kempf, 1964a: 141; Kempf, 1972a: 206.
    • Junior synonym of pilosula: Brown, 1975: 9; Brandão, 1991: 371; Bolton, 1995b: 337.

The following notes on F. Smith type specimens have been provided by Barry Bolton (details):

Ponera pilosula

A remounted worker in The Natural History Museum is labelled “type” and has a red disc. Apart from this the specimen has only a square of yellow paper and the label “Smith coll. Presented by Mrs Farren White.” A second worker, that has not been remounted, has the same labels but lacks the “type” disc, and has a white rectangular label “Frstrm.” Type-locality given by Smith is merely “Brazil.” This is absent from both specimens.

Description

References

  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1975. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. V. Ponerinae, tribes Platythyreini, Cerapachyini, Cylindromyrmecini, Acanthostichini, and Aenictogitini. Search Agric. (Ithaca N. Y.) 5(1 1: 1-115 (page 9, Senior synonym of incerta)
  • Emery, C. 1911e. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae. Genera Insectorum 118: 1-125 (page 106, Combination in Leptogenys)
  • Kempf, W. W. 1965. Nota preliminar sôbre algumas formigas neotrópicas, descritas por Frederick Smith (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Rev. Bras. Biol. 25: 181-186 (page 181, Combination in Platythyrea)
  • Mayr, G. 1886c. Notizen über die Formiciden-Sammlung des British Museum in London. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 36: 353-368 (page 358, Combination in Platythyrea)
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 95, worker described)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Adams B. J., S. A. Schnitzer, and S. P. Yanoviak. 2016. Trees as islands: canopy ant species richness increases with the size of liana-free trees in a Neotropical forest. Ecography doi: 10.1111/ecog.02608
  • Adams B. J., S. A. Schnitzer, and S. P. Yanoviak. 2019. Connectivity explains local ant community structure in a Neotropical forest canopy: a large-scale experimental approach. Ecology 100(6): e02673.
  • Basset Y., L. Cizek, P. Cuenoud, R. K. Didham, F. Guilhaumon, O. Missa, V. Novotny, F. Odegaards, T. Roslin, J. Schmidl et al. 2012. Arthropod diversity in a tropical forest. Science 338(6113): 1481-1484.
  • Brandao, C.R.F. 1991. Adendos ao catalogo abreviado das formigas da regiao neotropical (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 35: 319-412.
  • Dattilo W. et al. 2019. MEXICO ANTS: incidence and abundance along the Nearctic-Neotropical interface. Ecology https://doi.org/10.1002/ecy.2944
  • Emery C. 1890. Voyage de M. E. Simon au Venezuela (Décembre 1887 - Avril 1888). Formicides. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (6)10: 55-76.
  • Emery C. 1911. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae. Genera Insectorum 118: 1-125.
  • Fernandes, P.R. XXXX. Los hormigas del suelo en Mexico: Diversidad, distribucion e importancia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).
  • Fernández F. 2008. Subfamilia Ponerinae s.str. Pp. 123-218 in: Jiménez, E.; Fernández, F.; Arias, T.M.; Lozano-Zambrano F. H. (eds.) 2008. Sistemática, biogeografía y conservación de las hormigas cazadoras de Colombia. Bogotá: Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt, xiv + 609 pp.
  • Fernández, F. and S. Sendoya. 2004. Lista de las hormigas neotropicales. Biota Colombiana Volume 5, Number 1.
  • Forel A. 1912. Formicides néotropiques. Part I. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique. 56: 28-49.
  • Franco W., N. Ladino, J. H. C. Delabie, A. Dejean, J. Orivel, M. Fichaux, S. Groc, M. Leponce, and R. M. Feitosa. 2019. First checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of French Guiana. Zootaxa 4674(5): 509-543.
  • Guerrero-F., R.J. and Olivero-G., D.Y. 2007. Nuevos registros de hormigas del Caribe Colombiano, incluyendo clavestaxonómicas para Acanthoponera, Heteroponera y Platythyrea. Revista Colombiana de Entomología 33(2):193-196
  • Kempf W. W. 1964. Uma nova Platythyrea do Brasil (Hym., Formicidae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 11: 141-144.
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • Longino J. T., and R. K. Colwell. 2011. Density compensation, species composition, and richness of ants on a neotropical elevational gradient. Ecosphere 2(3): 16pp.
  • Longino J. et al. ADMAC project. Accessed on March 24th 2017 at https://sites.google.com/site/admacsite/
  • Mann W. M. 1916. The Stanford Expedition to Brazil, 1911, John C. Branner, Director. The ants of Brazil. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 60: 399-490
  • Pires de Prado L., R. M. Feitosa, S. Pinzon Triana, J. A. Munoz Gutierrez, G. X. Rousseau, R. Alves Silva, G. M. Siqueira, C. L. Caldas dos Santos, F. Veras Silva, T. Sanches Ranzani da Silva, A. Casadei-Ferreira, R. Rosa da Silva, and J. Andrade-Silva. 2019. An overview of the ant fauna (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the state of Maranhao, Brazil. Pap. Avulsos Zool. 59: e20195938.
  • Wild, A. L. "A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)." Zootaxa 1622 (2007): 1-55.