Podomyrma adelaidae

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Podomyrma adelaidae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Podomyrma
Species group: adelaidae
Species: P. adelaidae
Binomial name
Podomyrma adelaidae
(Smith, F., 1858)

Podomyrma adelaidae casent0217908 p 1 high.jpg

Podomyrma adelaidae casent0217908 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

Podomyrma adelaidae is found throughout temperate Australia and is easily recognised by the pair of white spots on the gaster. Workers can be seen foraging on the trunks of eucalypts, particularly smooth- barked eucalypts.


Photo Gallery

  • Podomyrma adelaidae worker from Doodenanning, Western Australia. Photo by Farhan Bokhari.
  • Worker from Doodenanning, Western Australia. Photo by Farhan Bokhari.
  • Podomyrma adelaidae with fly prey, Waikerie, South Australia. Photo by Mark Newton.
  • Worker from Moondyne, Western Australia. Photo by Farhan Bokhari.
  • P. adelaidae workers engaging in an apparent territorial dispute. Usually when workers from different colonies intrude on each other's territory, they will antennate or engage in ritualised fighting to resolve the dispute. But when this fails they will attack one another. A dominance battle ensues, with the victor retaining rights to forage in the area. In this case one worker has a strong grip on the other's antennae and showed no signs of releasing it while being photographed.
  • Part of the same territorial battle, this pair of workers were engaged in a struggle nearby. The smaller worker kept trying to escape but the larger worker had a firm grasp of its postpetiole.
  • Podomyrma adelaidae tends to a Lycaenid caterpillar. These caterpillars secrete substances that the ants find attractive, and the ants in turn provide protection from parasites. Poochera, South Australia. © Alex Wild.

Identification

Heterick (2009) - The pair of white markings on the basal gastral tergite renders this ant unmistakeable.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Heterick (2009) - Widespread throughout temperate Australia and the Kimberley region.


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: -13.583° to -36.9187°.

     
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • adelaidae. Myrmica adelaidae Smith, F. 1858b: 128 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1954c: 127 (l.); Imai, Crozier & Taylor, 1977: 348 (k.). Combination in Podomyrma: Dalla Torre, 1893: 60. Senior synonym of bimaculata: Forel, 1915b: 50; Emery, 1924d: 237; of sericeiventris: Emery, 1924d: 237; of brevidentata: Taylor, 1999: 173.
  • sericeiventris. Podomyrma micans subsp. sericeiventris Emery, 1898b: 235 (w.q.) AUSTRALIA. Junior synonym of adelaidae: Emery, 1924d: 237.
  • bimaculata. Podomyrma bimaculata Forel, 1901h: 57 (w.q.) AUSTRALIA. Junior synonym of adelaidae: Forel, 1915b: 50.
  • brevidentata. Podomyrma bimaculata var. brevidentata Forel, 1915b: 49 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Subspecies of adelaidae: Emery, 1924d: 237; Taylor & Brown, D.R. 1985: 80. Junior synonym of adelaidae: Taylor, 1999: 173.

Type Material

Description

Karyotype

  • 2n = 50 (Australia) (Imai et al., 1977) (B chromosome).
  • 2n = 51 (Australia) (Imai et al., 1977) (B chromosome).
  • 2n = 49 (Australia) (Imai et al., 1977).

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Read J. L., and A. N. Andersen. 2000. The value of ants as early warning bioindicators: responses to pulsed cattle grazing at an Australian arid zone locality. Journal of Arid Environments 45: 231-251.
  • Stitz H. 1911. Australische Ameisen. (Neu-Guinea und Salomons-Inseln, Festland, Neu-Seeland). Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1911: 351-381.
  • Taylor R. W. 1987. A checklist of the ants of Australia, New Caledonia and New Zealand (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization) Division of Entomology Report 41: 1-92.
  • Taylor R. W. 1999. Nomenclatural changes in the Australasian ant genus Podomyrma Fredrick Smith (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Sociobiology 34: 173-174.
  • Viehmeyer H. 1912. Ameisen aus Deutsch Neuguinea gesammelt von Dr. O. Schlaginhaufen. Nebst einem Verzeichnisse der papuanischen Arten. Abhandlungen und Berichte des Königlichen Zoologischen und Anthropologische-Ethnographischen Museums zu Dresden 14: 1-26.