Pogonomyrmex carbonarius

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Pogonomyrmex carbonarius
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Pogonomyrmecini
Genus: Pogonomyrmex
Species group: rastratus
Species: P. carbonarius
Binomial name
Pogonomyrmex carbonarius
Mayr, 1868

Pogonomyrmex carbonarius casent0103527 profile 1.jpg

Pogonomyrmex carbonarius casent0103527 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Subspecies

This species can be common along the sides of roads in northern Patagonia.

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Argentina (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Aput et al. (2019) assessed how prevelant introduced plant seeds were in the diet of this seed harvester. A field trial showed the ants foraged in two daily bouts (morning and evening), and introduced species made up a small percentage of the seeds they gathered. Pogonomyrmex carbonarius foragers showed a clear preference for the native grass Pappostipa speciosa (Trin. & Rupr.) in preference trials that included both native and introduced plant seeds.

Castes

Queen

Male

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • carbonarius. Pogonomyrmex carbonarius Mayr, 1868b: 172 (w.) ARGENTINA. Junior synonym of rastratus: Mayr, 1887: 611; Dalla Torre, 1893: 119. Revived from synonymy as subspecies of rastratus: Emery, 1906c: 157; Gallardo, 1932b: 136. Revived status as species: Kusnezov, 1951a: 251. Current subspecies: nominal plus sanmartini.

Description

References

  • Aput, L. M., A. G. Farji-Brener, and G. I. Pirk. 2019. Effects of Introduced Plants on Diet and Seed Preferences of Pogonomyrmex carbonarius (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the Patagonian Steppe. Environmental Entomology. 48:567-572. doi:10.1093/ee/nvz022
  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 119, Senior synonym of rastratus)
  • Emery, C. 1906c [1905]. Studi sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. XXVI. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 37: 107-194 (page 157, Revived from synonymy as variety of rastratus)
  • Gallardo, A. 1932c. Las hormigas de la República Argentina. Subfamilia Mirmicinas, segunda sección Eumyrmicinae, tribu Myrmicini (F. Smith), género Pogonomyrmex Mayr. An. Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. B. Aires 37: 89-170 (page 136, Revived from synonymy as variety of rastratus)
  • Kusnezov, N. 1951e. El género Pogonomyrmex Mayr (Hym., Formicidae). Acta Zool. Lilloana 11: 227-333 (page 251, Revived status as species)
  • Mayr, G. 1868b. Formicidae novae Americanae collectae a Prof. P. de Strobel. Annu. Soc. Nat. Mat. Modena 3: 161-178 (page 172, worker described)