Polyrhachis alluaudi

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Polyrhachis alluaudi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Polyrhachis
Subgenus: Myrma
Species group: militaris
Species: P. alluaudi
Binomial name
Polyrhachis alluaudi
Emery, 1892

Polyrhachis alluaudi casent0905619 p 1 high.jpg

Polyrhachis alluaudi casent0905619 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

The nest of the species was described and figured in the original description and was reproduced by Wheeler (1922a:267, fig. 74). Emery stated that the nest was constructed of rather coarse vegetable fibres loosely glued together and attached to the underside of a leaf about 1·7 m above the ground. The nest appeared as a low-vaulted chamber with the entrance situated at the apex of a funnel-like extrusion arising from near the centre of the nest.

Identification

A member of the Polyrhachis militaris species-group. Bolton (1973) - Appears to be closest related to Polyrhachis rufipalpis, from which it differs in size (larger) and in possessing distinct, scattered punctures on the sides of the head. These punctures may occur singly but are usually in closely approximated groups of three or four.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Democratic Republic of Congo, Ivory Coast (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Wheeler (1922a:266) states that a single worker of this species was found in the stomach of a frog.

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • alluaudi. Polyrhachis alluaudi Emery, 1892d: 567, pl. 15, figs. 9, 10 (w.) IVORY COAST. Bolton, 1973b: 297 (q.). Combination in P. (Myrma): Forel, 1916: 448. Senior synonym of anteplana: Bolton, 1973b: 297.
  • anteplana. Polyrhachis (Myrma) alluaudi var. anteplana Forel, 1916: 448 (w.) DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO. Junior synonym of alluaudi: Bolton, 1973b: 297.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Bolton (1973) - TL 6.7-7.1, HL 1.67-1.78, HW 1.26-1.37, CI 75-77, SL 1.81-2.03, SI 143-148, PW 1.15-2.03, MTL 1.92-2.08. (4 measured.)

Anterior clypeal margin convex, arcuate, entire except for a few median notches marking the sites of insertion of the marginal clypeal hairs. In profile the clypeal outline sinuate, broadly and shallowly S-shaped. Eyes convex, the sides of the head in front of the eyes elongate, straight to weakly concave and somewhat convergent anteriorly. Alitrunk marginate throughout its length, interrupted at the sutures. Pronotum flat to shallowly transversely concave, armed with a pair of short spines. Mesonotum flat to shallowly concave. Propodeum armed with a pair of upcurved teeth, the dorsal surface concave, especially behind the metanotal groove. Sutures well developed on dorsum of alitrunk; the promesonotal incised, the metanotal groove deeply impressed. Petiole with four spines, the dorsal notably longer than the lateral pair.

Erect hairs present only on the anterior clypeal margin and the gastral apex. An extremely sparse and fine pubescence present, most easily seen on the sides of the alitrunk.

Sculpture everywhere of a fine, dense reticulate-puncturation, the sides of the head, especially below and in front of the eyes with numerous coarser punctures.

Queen

Bolton (1973) - As worker, with the usual differences associated with the caste.

Type Material

Bolton (1973) - Holotype worker, IVORY COAST: Assinie (Ch. Alluaud) (Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Genoa) [examined].

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Bolton B. 1973. The ant genus Polyrhachis F. Smith in the Ethiopian region (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 28: 283-369.
  • Emery C. 1892. Voyage de M. Ch. Alluaud dans le territoire d'Assinie (Afrique occidentale) en juillet et août 1886. Formicides. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 60: 553-574.
  • Robson Simon Database Polyrhachis -05 Sept 2014
  • Wheeler W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. II. The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45: 39-269.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VIII. A synonymic list of the ants of the Ethiopian region. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45: 711-1004