Polyrhachis carbonaria

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Polyrhachis carbonaria
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Polyrhachis
Subgenus: Myrma
Species: P. carbonaria
Binomial name
Polyrhachis carbonaria
Smith, F., 1857

Polyrhachis carbonaria casent0901848 p 1 high.jpg

Polyrhachis carbonaria casent0901848 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

Identification

A member of the Polyrhachis inermis species group in the subgenus Myrma

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Indonesia, Malaysia (type locality), Philippines.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • carbonaria. Polyrhachis carbonarius Smith, F. 1857a: 60 (w.) WEST MALAYSIA. Combination in P. (Aulacomyrma): Donisthorpe, 1932c: 445; in P. (Myrma): Dorow, 1995: 32. Senior synonym of dentulata, subcarinata: Kohout, 1988: 526.
  • subcarinata. Polyrhachis orsyllus subsp. subcarinata Emery, 1900d: 712 (w.) INDONESIA (Mentawei I.). Combination in P. (Myrma): Emery, 1925b: 204. Subspecies of vindex: Dorow, 1995: 41. Junior synonym of carbonaria: Kohout, 1998: 526.
  • dentulata. Polyrhachis (Myrma) orsyllus var. dentulata Stitz, 1925: 135 (w.) INDONESIA (Sumatra). Subspecies of vindex: Dorow, 1995: 41. Junior synonym of carbonaria: Kohout, 1998: 526.

The following notes on F. Smith type specimens have been provided by Barry Bolton (details):

Polyrhachis carbonarius

Holotype worker in Oxford University Museum of Natural History. Labelled “36 MAL.” (= Malacca, West Malaysia) and with a Donisthorpe type-label.

Description

References

  • Donisthorpe, H. 1932c. On the identity of Smith's types of Formicidae (Hymenoptera) collected by Alfred Russell Wallace in the Malay Archipelago, with descriptions of two new species. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 10(10): 441-476 (page 445, Combination in P. (Aulacomyrma))
  • Dorow, W. H. O. 1995. Revision of the ant genus Polyrhachis Smith, 1857 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Formicinae) on subgenus level with keys, checklist of species and bibliography. Cour. Forschungsinst. Senckenb. 185: 1-113 (page 32, Combination in P. (Myrma))
  • Kohout, R. J. 1998. New synonyms and nomenclatural changes in the ant genus Polyrhachis Fr. Smith (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Formicinae). Mem. Qld. Mus. 42: 505-531 (page 526, Senior synonym of dentulata and subcarinata)
  • Smith, F. 1857a. Catalogue of the hymenopterous insects collected at Sarawak, Borneo; Mount Ophir, Malacca; and at Singapore, by A. R. Wallace. [part]. J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. Zool. 2: 42-88 (page 60, worker described)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Chapman, J. W., and Capco, S. R. 1951. Check list of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Asia. Monogr. Inst. Sci. Technol. Manila 1: 1-327
  • Emery C. 1886. Saggio di un catalogo sistematico dei generi Camponotus, Polyrhachis e affini. Memorie della Reale Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna 5: 363-382
  • Emery, C. "Formiche raccolte da Elio Modigliani in Sumatra, Engano e Mentawei." Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria (Genova) (2) 20, no. 40 (1900): 661-722.
  • Forel A. 1913. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse einer Forschungsreise nach Ostindien ausgeführt im Auftrage der Kgl. Preuss. Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin von H. v. Buttel-Reepen. II. Ameisen aus Sumatra, Java, Malacca und Ceylon. Gesammelt von Herrn Prof. Dr. v. Buttel-Reepen in den Jahren 1911-1912. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere 36:1-148.
  • Kohout R. J. 1998. New synonyms and nomenclatural changes in the ant genus Polyrhachis Fr. Smith (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Formicinae). Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 42: 505-531
  • Philpott S.M., P. Bichier, R.A. Rice, and R. Greenberg. 2008. Biodiversity conservation, yield, and alternative products in coffee agroecosystems in Sumatra, Indonesia. Biodivers. Conserv. 17: 1805-1820. Data obtained from Stacy Philpott
  • Robson Simon Database Polyrhachis -05 Sept 2014
  • Watanasit S., J. Saewai, and A. Philapplueng. 2007. Ants of the Klong U-Tapao Basin, Southern Thailand. Asian Myrmecology 1: 69-79.