Polyrhachis derecyna

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Polyrhachis derecyna
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Polyrhachis
Subgenus: Myrmatopa
Species: P. derecyna
Binomial name
Polyrhachis derecyna
Smith, F., 1871

Polyrhachis derecyna casent0901821 p 1 high.jpg

Polyrhachis derecyna casent0901821 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels




Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: New Guinea (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.



Images from AntWeb

Polyrhachis derecyna casent0901821 h 2 high.jpg
Holotype of Polyrhachis dolomedesWorker. Specimen code casent0901821. Photographer Will Ericson, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by OUM, Oxford, UK.
Polyrhachis derecyna casent0903312 h 1 high.jpgPolyrhachis derecyna casent0903312 p 1 high.jpgPolyrhachis derecyna casent0903312 d 1 high.jpgPolyrhachis derecyna casent0903312 l 1 high.jpgPolyrhachis derecyna casent0903312 p 2 high.jpg
Holotype of Polyrhachis taurusQueen (alate/dealate). Specimen code casent0903312. Photographer Z. Lieberman, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by NHMUK, London, UK.
Polyrhachis derecyna casent0906576 d 1 high.jpgPolyrhachis derecyna casent0906576 h 1 high.jpgPolyrhachis derecyna casent0906576 p 1 high.jpgPolyrhachis derecyna casent0906576 l 1 high.jpg
Worker. Specimen code casent0906576. Photographer Estella Ortega, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by NHMUK, London, UK.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • dolomedes. Polyrhachis dolomedes Smith, F., 1863: 16 (w.) NEW GUINEA. [Junior primary homonym of dolomedes Smith, above.] Replacement name: derecyna Smith, F. 1871a: 316.
  • derecyna. Polyrhachis derecynus Smith, F. 1871a: 316. Replacement name for dolomedes Smith, F. 1863: 16. [Junior primary homonym of dolomedes Smith, F. 1863: 14.] Combination in P. (Myrma): Donisthorpe, 1932c: 470; in P. (Myrmatopa): Dorow, 1995: 43; Bolton, 1995b: 347. Senior synonym of pseuadonyma: Dalla Torre, 1893: 261; of taurus: Bolton, 1974b: 173.
  • pseuadonyma. Polyrhachis pseuadonyma Forel, 1886d: 243. [Unnecessary (second) replacement name for dolomedes Smith, F. 1863: 16.] Junior synonym of derecyna: Dalla Torre, 1893: 261.
  • taurus. Polyrhachis (Myrmatopa) taurus Donisthorpe, 1937c: 274, figs. 4, 5 (q.) NEW GUINEA. Donisthorpe, 1943a: 172 (w.); Donisthorpe, 1943d: 470 (m.). Junior synonym of derecyna: Bolton, 1974b: 173.

The following notes on F. Smith type specimens have been provided by Barry Bolton (details):

Polyrhachis derecynus

This is Smith’s replacement name for his P. dolomedes of 1863: 16, a junior primary homonym.



  • Donisthorpe, H. 1937e. A new subgenus and three new species of Polyrhachis Smith. Entomologist 70: 273-275 (page 274, figs. 4, 5 queen described) PDF
  • Bolton, B. 1974b [1973]. New synonymy and a new name in the ant genus Polyrhachis F. Smith (Hym., Formicidae). Entomol. Mon. Mag. 109: 172-180 (page 173, Senior synonym of taurus)
  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 347, Combination in P. (Myrmatopa))
  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 261, Senior synonym of pseudomyrma)
  • Donisthorpe, H. 1932c. On the identity of Smith's types of Formicidae (Hymenoptera) collected by Alfred Russell Wallace in the Malay Archipelago, with descriptions of two new species. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 10(10): 441-476 (page 470, Combination in P. (Myrma))
  • Dorow, W. H. O. 1995. Revision of the ant genus Polyrhachis Smith, 1857 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Formicinae) on subgenus level with keys, checklist of species and bibliography. Cour. Forschungsinst. Senckenb. 185: 1-113 (page 43, Combination in P. (Myrmatopa))
  • Latumahina, F., Borovanska, M., Musyafa, Sumardi, Susetya Putra, N., Janda, M. 2015. Ants of Ambon Island – diversity survey and checklist. ZooKeys 472, 43–57 (doi:10.3897/zookeys.472.8441).
  • Smith, F. 1863a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects collected by Mr. A. R. Wallace in the islands of Mysol, Ceram, Waigiou, Bouru and Timor. J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. Zool. 7: 6-48 (page 16, [Junior primary homonym of dolomedes Smith, F. 1863: 14.] )
  • Smith, F. 1871a. A catalogue of the Aculeate Hymenoptera and Ichneumonidae of India and the Eastern Archipelago. With introductory remarks by A. R. Wallace. [part]. J. Linn. Soc. Lond. Zool. 11: 285-348 (page 316, Replacement name for dolomedes)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Donisthorpe H. 1937. A new subgenus and three new species of Polyrhachis Smith. Entomologist 70: 273-275.
  • Donisthorpe, Horace. 1943. Descriptions of new Ants, chiefly from Waigeu Island, N. Dutch New Guinea. Annals and Magazines of Natural History. 11(9):167-176.
  • Donisthorpe, Horace. 1943. The Ants of Waigeu Island, North Dutch New Guinea. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History 11 (10): 433-475.
  • Emery C. 1886. Saggio di un catalogo sistematico dei generi Camponotus, Polyrhachis e affini. Memorie della Reale Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna 5: 363-382
  • Janda M., G. D. Alpert, M. L. Borowiec, E. P. Economo, P. Klimes, E. Sarnat, and S. O. Shattuck. 2011. Cheklist of ants described and recorded from New Guinea and associated islands. Available on http://www.newguineants.org/. Accessed on 24th Feb. 2011.
  • Latumahina F., M. Borovanska, N. S. Putra, and M. Janda. 2015. Ants of Ambon Island – diversity survey and checklist. ZooKeys 472: 43–57.
  • Robson Simon Database Polyrhachis -05 Sept 2014
  • Viehmeyer H. 1912. Ameisen aus Deutsch Neuguinea gesammelt von Dr. O. Schlaginhaufen. Nebst einem Verzeichnisse der papuanischen Arten. Abhandlungen und Berichte des Königlichen Zoologischen und Anthropologische-Ethnographischen Museums zu Dresden 14: 1-26.