Polyrhachis furcata

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Polyrhachis furcata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Polyrhachis
Subgenus: Myrmhopla
Species: P. furcata
Binomial name
Polyrhachis furcata
Smith, F., 1858

Polyrhachis furcata casent0903376 p 1 high.jpg

Polyrhachis furcata casent0903376 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels



Keys including this Species


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Borneo, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines.
Oriental Region: Cambodia, India, Myanmar (type locality), Thailand.
Palaearctic Region: China.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb



This taxon is a host for the fungi Ophiocordyceps polyrhachis-furcata (Araujo et al., 2018) and Ophiocordyceps unilaterialis (Shrestha et al., 2017).



The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • furcata. Polyrhachis furcatus Smith, F. 1858b: 64, pl. 4, fig. 20 (w.) MYANMAR. Emery, 1889b: 518 (q.). Combination in P. (Myrmhopla): Wheeler, W.M. 1919e: 131. Senior synonym of bankensis, pahangana, tenella: Dorow, 1995: 54. See also: Bingham, 1903: 388.
  • tenella. Polyrhachis furcata var. tenella Forel, 1902d: 289 (w.) MYANMAR. Combination in P. (Myrmhopla): Emery, 1925b: 193. Junior synonym of furcata: Dorow, 1995: 54.
  • bankensis. Polyrhachis furcata var. bankensis Forel, 1911e: 297 (w.) INDONESIA (Bangka I.). Junior synonym of furcata: Dorow, 1995: 54.
  • pahangana. Polyrhachis furcata subsp. pahangana Forel, 1911d: 395 (w.) WEST MALAYSIA. Combination in P. (Myrmhopla): Emery, 1925b: 193. Junior synonym of furcata: Dorow, 1995: 54.



  • Araújo, J.P.M., Evans, H.C., Kepler, R., Hughes, D.P. 2018. Zombie-ant fungi across continents: 15 new species and new combinations within Ophiocordyceps. I. Myrmecophilous hirsutelloid species. Studies in Mycology 90: 119–160 (DOI 10.1016/j.simyco.2017.12.002).
  • Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. (page 388, see also)
  • Dorow, W. H. O. 1995. Revision of the ant genus Polyrhachis Smith, 1857 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Formicinae) on subgenus level with keys, checklist of species and bibliography. Cour. Forschungsinst. Senckenb. 185: 1-113 (page 54, Senior synonym of bankensis, pahangana and tenella)
  • Emery, C. 1889d. Formiche di Birmania e del Tenasserim raccolte da Leonardo Fea (1885-87). [concl.]. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 27[=(2)(7): 513-520 (page 518, queen described)
  • Shrestha B, Tanaka E, Hyun MW, Han JG, Kim CS, Jo JW, Han SK, Oh J, Sung JM, Sung GH. 2017. Mycosphere Essay 19. Cordyceps species parasitizing hymenopteran and hemipteran insects. Mycosphere 8(9): 1424–1442 (DOI 10.5943/mycosphere/8/9/8).
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 64, pl. 4, fig. 20 worker described)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1919f. The ants of Borneo. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 63: 43-147 (page 131, Combination in P. (Myrmhopla))