Polyrhachis illaudata

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Polyrhachis illaudata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Polyrhachis
Subgenus: Myrma
Species: P. illaudata
Binomial name
Polyrhachis illaudata
Walker, 1859

Polyrhachis illaudata casent0217775 p 1 high.jpg

Polyrhachis illaudata casent0217775 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Subspecies
Synonyms

Photo Gallery

  • Polyrhachis illaudata worker from Malabar WLS, India. Photo by Kalesh Sadasivan.
  • Polyrhachis illaudata worker from Ponmudi, India. Photo by Kalesh Sadasivan.
  • Polyrhachis illaudata worker returning to its nest in rotten wood with a prey item. Western Ghats, Kerala, India, 1000m (photo by Dr Kalesh Sadasivan).

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Borneo, Indonesia, Krakatau Islands, Malaysia, Philippines.
Oriental Region: Bangladesh, India, Laos, Nepal, Sri Lanka (type locality), Thailand.
Palaearctic Region: China.


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Association with Other Organisms

Fungi

This species is a host for the fungus Ophiocordyceps unilaterialis (a pathogen) in Taiwan (Lin et al., 2020).

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • illaudata. Polyrhachis illaudatus Walker, 1859: 373 (w., not m.) SRI LANKA. Imai, Brown, et al. 1984: 68 (k.). Combination in P. (Myrma): Donisthorpe, 1932b: 576. Senior synonym of mayri: Donisthorpe, 1932b: 576; of duodentata, latispinosa: Bolton, 1974b: 176. Current subspecies: nominal plus intermedia, pauperata, proximomayri.
  • mayri. Polyrhachis mayri Roger, 1863b: 7 (w.) SRI LANKA. Bingham, 1903: 405 (q.); Karavaiev, 1927e: 46 (m.). Combination in P. (Myrma): Viehmeyer, 1916a: 165. Junior synonym of illaudata: Donisthorpe, 1932b: 576.
  • duodentata. Polyrhachis (Myrma) duodentata Donisthorpe, 1942d: 461, pl. 2, fig. 2 (q.) INDIA. Junior synonym of illaudata: Bolton, 1974b: 176.
  • latispinosa. Polyrhachis (Myrma) latispinosa Donisthorpe, 1942d: 460, pl. 2, fig. 1 (q.) INDIA. Junior synonym of illaudata: Bolton, 1974b: 176.

Description

Karyotype

  • n = 14, 2n = 28 (Indonesia) (Imai et al., 1985).
  • n = 18 (Malaysia) (Imai et al., 1983).

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

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