Polyrhachis terminata

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Polyrhachis terminata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Polyrhachis
Subgenus: Myrma
Species group: revoili
Species: P. terminata
Binomial name
Polyrhachis terminata
Rigato, 2016

Rigato, F hal13.jpg

Rigato, F had13.jpg

The type was collected from a closed miombo woodland in a pitfall trap.

Identification

Rigato (2016) - The largest species of the revoili-group known so far, with almost complete lateral marginations of the mesosoma and a continuous well developed ridge separating propodeal dorsum from declivity.

Polyrhachis terminata is unique for its large size and the complete ridge running between propodeal dorsum and declivity. This ridge is much stronger than the incomplete and weak margination of the propodeal sides.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: United Republic of Tanzania.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • terminata. Polyrhachis terminata Rigato, 2016: 41, figs. 13a-c (w.) TANZANIA.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Holotype. HL 2.60, HW 2.37, CI 91, SL 2.50, SI 105, FW 0.80, FI 34, PW 2.05, WL 3.5, HTL 2.77.

Clypeus subcarinate, with anterior margin arcuate and medially bearing a faint shallow rounded lobe. Head trapezoidal, wider behind than in front, posterior margin and sides widely convex. Eyes moderately large and convex, close to the posterior corners. Mesosoma in profile evenly weakly convex, mesonotum almost flat. Promesonotal suture well-developed, metanotal suture weak and hardly interrupting the dorsal sculpturation. Pronotum with a pair of strong teeth at its anterior corners and laterally clearly marginate, the margination interrupted just before the promesonotal suture. Mesonotum with a weaker margination, interrupted before the metanotal suture. Lateral margination of propodeal dorsum faint, detectable along about its anterior half. Propodeal dorsum and declivity well-separated by a continuous ridge which is slightly higher medially. Petiole with a dorsal pair of distant, moderately long and diverging spines and a pair of lateral shorter ones; the space between the dorsal spines straight. First gastral tergite anteriorly weakly concave.

Mandibles distinctly longitudinally striolate and with sparse piligerous pits. Clypeus superficially finely reticulate-punctate. Head dorsum prevailingly longitudinally costulate with a faint ground sculpture; head sides and cheeks (malar space) mostly reticulate-rugose with finely reticulate-punctate ground sculpture. Mesosomal dorsum finely longitudinally rugulose with reticulate-punctate ground sculpture. Mesosomal sides mostly finely longitudinally rugulose; mesopleuron less evidently so. Petiole finely reticulate-punctate with superimposed rugulation. Gaster finely reticulate-punctate throughout.

Short to moderately long standing hairs abundant on all body surfaces and appendages. On the legs hairs are shorter than the maximum tibial width. Hairs on scapes are at most slightly longer than scape diameter at midlength. Body and appendages coated with dense, short and greyish pubescence, not masking the sculpturation and sparser on head dorsum and clypeus.

Colour black, except a brown dorsal strip on femurs and tibiae and pale ferrugineous gastral apex.

Type Material

Holotype. TANZANIA: Morogoro, Kilombero, Zoosite 2, 11.3 km ESE Mbingu, 8.20483 S 36.36055 E, 277 m, 23.x.2007, closed miombo woodland, pitfall trap, FRO 2007_2_P (E. Jew & L. Williams) (South African Museum: CASENT0250168).

References