Prenolepis cyclopia

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Prenolepis cyclopia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Lasiini
Genus: Prenolepis
Species: P. cyclopia
Binomial name
Prenolepis cyclopia
Chen & Zhou, 2018

Fig. 8 Chen and Zhou Prenolepis cyclopia, body in lateral view.png

Fig. 9 Chen and Zhou, Prenolepis cyclopia body in dorsal view.png

Nothing is known about the biology of Prenolepis cyclopia.

Identification

Chen & Zhou (2018) - This new species resembles Prenolepis angularis, but differs by the antennae stout and long, scapes extending about 1/2 of their length beyond posterior margin of head, mesopleuron and propodeum finely longitudinally striate and reticulate.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: China (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

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Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.

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Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • cyclopia. Prenolepis cyclopia Chen & Zhou, 2018: 61, figs. 7-9 (w.) CHINA.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Holotype. TL 3.6, HL 0.74, HW 0.73, CI 99, SL 0.97, SI 133, PW 0.45, AL 1.06, EL 0.23. Paratypes (n=27). TL 3.6–4.0, HL 0.73–0.79, HW 0.70–0.78, CI 95–99, SL 0.94–1.06, SI 132–136, PW 0.45–0.52, AL 1.01–1.25, EL 0.20–0.23.

Head slightly longer than broad, sides and posterior margin convex, posterior corners rounded. Anterior clypeal margin sinuous, shallowly notched in the middle, without longitudinal carina. Mandibles with 6 teeth, the 3rd slightly smaller than the 4th, and the 5th very reduced. Eyes convex, moderately large, placed behind the mid length of head; Antennae stout and long, scapes extending about 1/2 of their length beyond posterior margin of head. Frontal carina short, reaching to anterior margin of eyes. Mesosoma slender, strongly medially constricted; metanotal groove conspicuous; in lateral view pronotum and mesonotum together form a convexity, propodeum low, with declivous face slightly longer than dorsal face, posterodorsal corner angulate. Petiolar node low, subtriangular in lateral view. Gaster about two times longer than head, gibbous.

Mandibles, clypeus, head, and mesonotum smooth and shining, constriction of mesosoma with sparse coarse longitudinal rugae, mesopleuron and propodeum with fine longitudinal striations, and the latter combined with reticulations. Petiole and gaster smooth and shining. Dorsum of head and gaster with several soft long setae, combined with a few short setae. Setae on mesosoma: pronotum 0–4, mesonotum 0–4, propodeum 0–6, and petiolar node 0–2 (number of setae different in individuals: specimens collected from Hunan with abundant setae on whole body). Mesosoma, petiole, antennae, and legs yellow to yellowish brown, head and gaster black.

Type Material

Holotype worker. Tianmu Mt. Nature Reserve (119°23.47'E, 30°18.55'N, elev. 381.3m), Zhejiang, 28.VII.2011, coll. Z.L. Chen (GXNU). Paratypes. 9 workers, same data as holotype; 3 workers, Fanjing Mt. Nature Reserve (108°45.55'E, 27°49.50'N, elev. 565.4m), Guizhou, China, 29.V.2002, coll. S.Y. Zhou; 5 workers, Heng Mt. (112°33.25'E, 27°11.30'N, elev. 344.4m), Hunan, China, 8.IX.2003, coll. J.H. Huang; 1 worker, Leigong Mt. Nature Reserve (108°03.25'E, 26°15.30'N, elev. 1009.2m), Guizhou, 1.IV.2005, coll. L. Feng; 1 worker, Fengyang Mt. Nature Reserve (119°06.54'E, 27°46.33'N, elev. 276.1m), Zhejiang, China, 28.VII.2007, coll. Z. Tan (2 in ISLTU, others in GXNU).

Etymology

The species is named for its cylindrical mesosoma.

References