Prenolepis melanogaster

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Prenolepis melanogaster
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Lasiini
Genus: Prenolepis
Species: P. melanogaster
Binomial name
Prenolepis melanogaster
Emery, 1893

Prenolepis melanogaster 98.jpg

Prenolepis melanogaster 100.jpg

Synonyms

Nothing is known about the biology of Prenolepis melanogaster.

Identification

Williams and LaPolla (2016) - Relatively large in overall size (TL > 4.25mm); yellow-brown head and mesosoma with a dark brown to black gaster; head as broad as or broader than long (CI > 97) with round compound eyes that are spaced far apart (REL3 < 35); setae on scapes are erect.

This species is much larger and more hirsute than all other Prenolepis species and has a distinctly broad head (CI: 97–105). Prenolepis melanogaster also has a yellow-brown head and mesosoma with a dark brown to black gaster, similar to the coloration seen in Prenolepis fustinoda.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 23.8° to 22°.

   
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Oriental Region: India, Myanmar (type locality), Thailand, Vietnam (type locality).
Palaearctic Region: China (type locality), Republic of Korea.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

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Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.

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Biology

Castes

Worker

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • melanogaster. Prenolepis melanogaster Emery, 1893e: 223 (w.) MYANMAR.
    • [Also described as new by Emery, 1895k: 476.]
    • Status as species: Bingham, 1903: 327; Wheeler, W.M. 1927h: 106; Bolton, 1995b: 364; Wu, J. & Wang, 1995: 137; Xu, 1995c: 338 (in key).
    • Senior synonym of carinifrons, nigriflagella: Williams & LaPolla, 2016: 234.
  • carinifrons. Prenolepis melanogaster st. carinifrons Santschi, 1920g: 173 (w.) VIETNAM.
    • Subspecies of melanogaster: Wheeler, W.M. 1927h: 106; Bolton, 1995b: 363.
    • Junior synonym of melanogaster: Williams & LaPolla, 2016: 234.
  • nigriflagella. Prenolepis nigriflagella Xu, 1995c: 338, figs. 1-3 (w.) CHINA.
    • Junior synonym of melanogaster: Williams & LaPolla, 2016: 234.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Williams and LaPolla (2016) - (n=3): CMC: 46–50; EL: 0.24–0.29; EW: 0.23–0.26; HL: 1.06–1.24; HLA: 0.53–0.66; HLP: 0.41–0.47; HW: 1.03–1.30; IOD: 0.70–0.90; LF1: 0.29–0.35; LF2: 0.20–0.25; LHT: 1.92–2.29; MMC: 4–8; MTW: 0.55–0.70; MW: 0.37–0.45; PDH: 0.42–0.47; PMC: 11–16; PrCL: 0.65–0.77; PrCW: 0.39–0.45; PrFL: 1.26–1.49; PrFW: 0.22–0.26; PTH: 0.42–0.47; PTL: 0.43–0.55; PTW: 0.33–0.42; PW: 0.64–0.77; SL: 1.47– 1.70; TL: 4.28–4.93; WF1: 0.09; WF2: 0.08–0.09; WL: 1.55–1.92; BLI: 143–151; CI: 97–105; EPI: 128–139; FLI: 135–144; HTI: 171–187; PetHI: 100–101; PetWI: 75–77; PrCI: 58–60; PrFI: 17–18; REL: 21–23; REL2: 21–23; REL3: 31–33; SI: 129–144.

Relatively large in overall size (TL > 4.25mm); yellow-brown head and mesosoma with a dark brown to black gaster; cuticle of head, pronotum, mesopleuron, propodeum, and gaster smooth and shiny; abundant very long, erect setae on scapes, head, mesosoma, gaster, and legs; head slightly broader than long and round in shape with indistinct posterolateral corners and a weakly convex posterior margin; eyes moderately sized, convex, and placed far apart (REL3 < 35); compound eyes do not surpass the lateral margins of the head in full-face view; torulae overlap with the posterior border of the clypeus; anterior border of clypeus with a pair of prominent anterolateral lobes; mandibles with 6 teeth on the masticatory margin; ectal surface of mandibles smooth and shiny; in profile view, propodeum is domed with a rounded dorsal face; dorsal apex of petiole scale is sharply angled and forward-inclined.

Type Material

Williams and LaPolla (2016) - Holotype worker, Myanmar: Carin, Asciuii Cheba, 1100m, 01.xii.1887 (Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Genoa: CASENT0905675) [examined].

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Chen Y. Q., Q. Li, Y. L. Chen, Z. X. Lu, X. Y. Zhou. 2011. Ant diversity and bio-indicators in land management of lac insect agroecosystem in Southwestern China. Biodivers. Conserv. 20: 3017-3038.
  • Chen Z., and S. Zhou. 2018. A review of the ant genus Prenolepis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in China, with descriptions of four new species. Zoological Systematics 43(1): 58-65.
  • Collingwood C. A. 1981. Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Korea, 2. Folia Entomologica Hungarica 42(34): 25-30.
  • Emery, C. "Voyage de MM. Bedot et Pictet dans l'Archipel Malais. Formicides de l'Archipel Malais." Revue Suisse de Zoologie 1 (1893): 187-229.
  • Guénard B., and R. R. Dunn. 2012. A checklist of the ants of China. Zootaxa 3558: 1-77.
  • Jaitrong W.; Nabhitabhata, J. 2005. A list of known ant species of Thailand. The Thailand Natural History Museum Journal 1(1): 9-54.
  • Kim B.J. 1996. Synonymic list and distribution of Formicidae (Hymenoptera) in Korea. Entomological Research Bulletin Supplement 169-196.
  • Li Z.h. 2006. List of Chinese Insects. Volume 4. Sun Yat-sen University Press
  • Ran H., and S. Y. Zhou. 2013. Checklist of Chinese Ants: Formicomorph Subfamilies ( Hymenoptera: Formicidae) (III). Journal of Guangxi Normal University : Natural Science Edition 31(1): 104-111.
  • Tang J., Li S., Huang E., Zhang B. and Chen Y. 1995. Hymenoptera: Formicidae (1). Economic Insect Fauna of China 47: 1-133.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1930. The ant Prenolepis imparis Say. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 23: 1-26.
  • Williams J. L., and J. S. LaPolla. 2016. Taxonomic revision and phylogeny of the ant genus Prenolepis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 4200: 201-258.
  • Wu J. and Wang C. 1995. The ants of China. China Forestry Publishing House, Beijing. 214 pp.
  • Xu Z. 1995. Two new species of the ant genus Prenolepis from Yunnan China (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zoological Research 16(4): 337-341.