Pseudomorpha pima

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Pseudomorpha pima
Pseudomorpha pima
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Beetle
Suborder: Adephaga
Family: Carabidae
Genus: Pseudomorpha
Kirby, 1825
Species: P. pima
Binomial name
Pseudomorpha pima
Amundson & Erwin, 2013

ZooKeys-362-029-g002 pima hef.jpg

Diagnosis

Color tone of dorsum piceous with head slightly darker over eyes; body robust and rectangulate, lateral margins of elytra tapering to an apically truncated and laterally slightly rounded apex; dorsum mostly glabrous with irregularly and wide-spaced short erect setae; pronotum with lateral margins moderately explanate, about coequal in width to that of elytra across humeri, disc markedly convex and planar; elytral interneurs moderately impressed and visible under low magnification, interneurs slightly convex; 10 umbilicate setae present near lateral margin, dorsal edge of epipleuron lined with long laterally erect setae.

Description

Size: Large for genus, ABL = 6.3 to 6.8 mm, SBL = 6.3 to 6.7 mm, TW = 5.1 to 5.7 mm. Preocular lobe-eye ratio: 0.56 to 0.57. Pronotum ratio (L/W): 0.31. Elytron ratio (L/W): 1.5 to 1.6. Color: Dorsum piceous, slightly lighter brown along explanate edges of dorsum. Luster:Dorsum dull, slightly matte. Microsculpture: Small isodiametric sculpticells throughout dorsal surface. Head: Genal lobe obsolete, rim posteriad and below eye bearing at least five robust setae directed perpendicular to head; preocular lobe distinct, moderately prominent, and more or less straight (Fig. 10); eye not exceeding preocular lobe/gena boundary, shallowly arcuate; clypeus fused to frons with pigmented furrow entire and visible, bisetose, setae laterad on margin; labrum with four setae projecting anteriorly (Fig. 10); antennal flagellum markedly setose, antennomeres 1-3 bisetose. Prothorax: Pronotum (Fig. 4) mostly glabrous with irregularly and wide-spaced short erect setae, apex slightly arcuate medially and narrower than ocular boundary, disk markedly convex and planar, width slightly wider than elytra across humeri, base and apex fringed with more or less evenly spaced setae, median line ending about ¾ before basal margin, lateral margins of pronotum with wide explanate sides, anterior angle 89.22°; prosternal apex fringed with short, evenly spaced setae. Pterothorax: Scutellum (normally) visible, moderate sized, narrowly rounded apically; elytra smooth (Fig. 4), interneurs very shallow, clearly visible under low magnification, markedly zig-zagged, intervals slightly convex on disc, lateral margin very slightly sinuate at basal third, 10 umbilicate erect setae on the ventrally directed curvature of the elytral lateral portion. Abdomen: All sterna sparsely setiferous, sternum III densely so; male unknown; female with 2 pairs of 4 setae on sternum, and numerous longer setae on sterna IV, V, and VI. Legs: Legs flattened, setiferous, tibia bearing fringed ring of setae on distal end, femur with distinct lateral sulcus, femora and tibiae sparsely setose. Female Genitalia: (see Fig. 17).

Holotype. USA: Arizona, Pima County, Santa Rita Mountains, Lower Madera Canyon, 31.745°N, 110.919°W, 1174m, 14–16 July 1978 (W.H. Tyson) (CAS: 8111006, female).

Derivation of specific epithet. The epithet “pima” is a singular feminine noun used in apposition and is the name of Aztecan descended peoples that live along the Gila and Salt rivers in southern Arizona.

Distribution

USA: Arizona, Pima County, Santa Rita Mountains, Bog Springs, 31.726°N, 110.874°W, 1524m, 3 July 1958 (J. von Bloeker Jr.) (SBNHM: ADP109219, female paratype).

Geographic distribution. (Fig. 18). This species is currently known from Arizona.

Biology

Adults are likely found in ant nests and the surrounding vicinity; females are ovoviviparous (Liebherr and Kavanaugh 1985); larvae are ant nest inquilines (Erwin 1981). Members of Pseudomorpha pima occur at midland and upland altitudes near the Sonoran Desert. Adults are active in early to mid-July, a very hot month in this area. For images of habitats at the paratype locality (Bog Springs) see: http://www.meetup.com/phoenix-atheists/events/109850282/.

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