Pseudomyrmex ejectus

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Pseudomyrmex ejectus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Pseudomyrmecinae
Genus: Pseudomyrmex
Species: P. ejectus
Binomial name
Pseudomyrmex ejectus
(Smith, F., 1858)

Pseudomyrmex ejectus casent0102684 profile 1.jpg

Pseudomyrmex ejectus casent0102684 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen Label

Synonyms

Gillette et al. (2015), in a Chaipas, Mexico field study of twig-nesting ants in coffee plants, found P. ejectus occupied 57% of all occupied twig-nests above 1100 m. In Florida, this species is the host for the workerless parasite Pseudomyrmex leptosus.

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Nearctic Region: United States.
Neotropical Region: Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Greater Antilles, Guatemala, Mexico.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Queen

Male

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • ejectus. Pseudomyrma ejecta Smith, F. 1858b: 157 (w.) "probably Brazil". Emery, 1894c: 147 (q.). Combination in Pseudomyrmex: Kempf, 1972a: 217. Senior synonym of lincecumii: Ward, 1989: 436. See also: Ward, 1985b: 232.
  • lincecumii. Ponera (Ectatomma) lincecumii Buckley, 1866: 172 (w.) U.S.A. Combination in Pseudomyrma: Mayr, 1886d: 464; in Leptalea: Smith, M.R. 1951a: 788. See also: Emery, 1895c: 270. Junior synonym of ejectus: Ward, 1989: 436.

Description

References

  • Emery, C. 1894d. Studi sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. VI-XVI. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 26: 137-241 (page 147, queen described)
  • Gillette, P. N., K. K. Ennis, G. D. Martinez, and S. M. Philpott. 2015. Changes in Species Richness, Abundance, and Composition of Arboreal Twig-nesting Ants Along an Elevational Gradient in Coffee Landscapes. Biotropica. 47:712-722. doi:10.1111/btp.12263
  • Kempf, W. W. 1972b. Catálogo abreviado das formigas da regia~o Neotropical. Stud. Entomol. 15: 3-344 (page 217, Combination in Pseudomyrmex)
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 157, worker described)
  • Ward, P. S. 1985b. The Nearctic species of the genus Pseudomyrmex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Quaest. Entomol. 21: 209-246 (page 232, see also)
  • Ward, P. S. 1989a. Systematic studies on pseudomyrmecine ants: revision of the Pseudomyrmex oculatus and P. subtilissimus species groups, with taxonomic comments on other species. Quaest. Entomol. 25: 393-468 (page 436, Senior synonym of lincecumii)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

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  • Colby, D. and D. Prowell. 2006. Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Wet Longleaf Pine Savannas in Louisiana. Florida Entomologist 89(2):266-269
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  • Deyrup M., C. Johnson, G. C. Wheeler, J. Wheeler. 1989. A preliminary list of the ants of Florida. Florida Entomologist 72: 91-101
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  • Emery C. 1894. Studi sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. VI-XVI. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 26: 137-241.
  • Fernández, F. and S. Sendoya. 2004. Lista de las hormigas neotropicales. Biota Colombiana Volume 5, Number 1.
  • Forster J.A. 2005. The Ants (hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Alabama. Master of Science, Auburn University. 242 pages.
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  • Gonthier, D. J., K. K. Ennis, S. M. Philpott, J. Vandermeer, and I. Perfecto. 2013. Ants defend coffee from berry borer colonization. BioControl 58: 815-820.
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  • INBio Collection (via Gbif)
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  • Mathis, K. A., S. M. Philpott, and S. R. Ramirez. 2016. Variation in spatial scale of competing polydomous twig-nesting ants in coffee agroecosystems. Insectes Sociaux 63: 447-456.
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  • Philpott, S.M. and P.F. Foster. 2005. Nest-site limitation in coffee agroecosytems: Artificial nests maintain diversity of arboreal ants. Ecological Applications 15(4):1478-1485
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