Pseudomyrmex obtusus

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Pseudomyrmex obtusus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Pseudomyrmecinae
Genus: Pseudomyrmex
Species group: goeldii
Species: P. obtusus
Binomial name
Pseudomyrmex obtusus
Ward, 2017

Ward 2017-15aa.jpg

P. obtusus is known from scattered collections from Costa Rica to Peru and Brazil. Collections with habitat information come from rainforest, rainforest edge, and (Costa Rica) successional pasture near rainforest. I have made four nest collections: two from dead twigs of Ficus sp., one from a dead twig of a thorny vine, and one from a dead twig of an unidentified woody plant. (Ward, 2017)

Identification

Ward (2017) - Within the P. goeldii group this species is recognized by its large size (HW >0.70), broad head (CI >0.79), and dense punctulate sculpture on the front of the head. Other distinctive features are the matte appearance of most of the body and the absence of standing pilosity on the mesosoma, petiole and postpetiole.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil, Costa Rica, Panama, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

P. obtusus is known from scattered collections from Costa Rica to Peru and Brazil. Collections with habitat information come from rainforest, rainforest edge, and (Costa Rica) successional pasture near rainforest. Four nest collections: two from dead twigs of Ficus sp., one from a dead twig of a thorny vine, and one from a dead twig of an unidentified woody plant.

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • obtusus. Pseudomyrmex obtusus Ward, 2017: 539, fig. 7 (w.q.) VENEZUELA.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

(n = 9). HL 0.86–0.93, HW 0.71–0.78, MFC 0.007–0.013, LHT 0.48–0.54, CI 0.80– 0.85, REL 0.63–0.66, REL2 0.75–0.81, FCI 0.010–0.017, FI 0.50–0.52, PLI 0.62–0.71, PWI 0.52–0.64.

Larger species (HL 0.86–0.93, HW 0.71–0.78) with elongate eyes (REL 0.63–0.66) and with broader head than other species in the P. goeldii group (CI 0.80–0.85); masticatory margin of mandible with 5–6 teeth; palp formula 5,3; juncture between dorsal and declivitous faces of propodeum subangulate, and with conspicuous lateral tubercles; anterodorsal face of petiole ascending rapidly, often steeper than posterodorsal face. Front of head between eyes densely punctulate and opaque, becoming sparsely punctulate and shiny around the ocelli, then densely punctulate and opaque again at the posterior margin; mesosoma finely coriarious-imbricate and opaque; petiole, postpetiole and gaster with very fine dense pubescence, imparting a matte appearance. Standing pilosity very sparse, absent from mesosoma, petiole and postpetiole. Medium to dark brown, the petiole, postpetiole and most of gaster a contrasting light yellowish-brown; mandibles, frontoclypeal complex, tibiae and tarsi also lighter than most of body, the pronotum variably so.

Type Material

Holotype worker. Venezuela Barinas: 10 km WNW Santa Barbara, 280 m, 7°51ʹS, 71°16ʹW, 29 Aug 1987, ex dead twig of thorny vine, edge of second-growth rainforest, P. S. Ward PSW09027 (Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo) (CASENT0794100). Paratypes. Series of workers, 3 dealate queens, same data as holotype (California Academy of Sciences, John T. Longino Collection, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Philip S. Ward Collection, University of California, Davis, National Museum of Natural History).

References