Sicelomyrmex corniger

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Sicelomyrmex corniger
Temporal range: Late/Upper Miocene Sicilian amber, Italy
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Gesomyrmecini
Genus: Sicelomyrmex
Species: S. corniger
Binomial name
Sicelomyrmex corniger
(Emery, 1891)

Identification

Distribution

This taxon was described from Sicilian amber, Italy (Late/Upper Miocene).

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • corniger. †Gesomyrmex corniger Emery, 1891a: 155, pl. 3, figs. 33-35 (w.) SICILIAN AMBER (Oligocene).
    • Combination in †Sicelomyrmex: Wheeler, W.M. 1915h: 111 (in text).
    • [Note: the later proposed emendation of spelling to †Sicilomyrmex by Brown & Carpenter, 1979: 423, may be unnecessary. In various publications Wheeler uses both Sicelomyrmex and Sicilomyrmex, with the former being the original, and also the one he used in his 1929a review of the group. It may be that the genus was originally named for the Sicels (one of the original tribes of Sicily), rather than after the island itself. In consequence the maintenance of the original orthography is recommended here.]
    • Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 176; Handlirsch, 1907: 860; Wheeler, W.M. 1915h: 111; Wheeler, W.M. 1929a: 11; Brown & Carpenter, 1979: 423 (redescription); Keilbach, 1982: 280; Bolton, 1995b: 383.

Description

References

  • Brown, W. L., Jr.; Carpenter, F. M. 1979 [1978]. A restudy of two ants from the Sicilian amber. Psyche (Camb.) 85: 417-423 (page 423, Spelling emended to Siciolomyrmex)
  • Emery, C. 1891b. Le formiche dell'ambra Siciliana nel Museo Mineralogico dell'Università di Bologna. Mem. R. Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna (5)1:141-165 (page 155, pl. 3, figs. 33-35 worker described)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1915i [1914]. The ants of the Baltic Amber. Schr. Phys.-Ökon. Ges. Königsb. 55: 1-142 (page 111, Combination in Sicelomyrmex)