Solenopsis parva

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Solenopsis parva
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Solenopsis
Species complex: molesta
Species: S. parva
Binomial name
Solenopsis parva
Mayr, 1868

Solenopsis parva casent0908810 p 1 high.jpg

Solenopsis parva casent0908810 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

We found S. parva in creosote bush scrub in the deserts of Argentina and in shrub lands and collected it in pitfall traps in January (summer) in light brown fine sandy soils. (Pacheco and Mackay 2013)

Identification

A New World thief ant that is a member of the molesta species complex. (Key to New World Solenopsis Species Complexes)

Pacheco and Mackay (2013) – Worker - This is a concolorous yellow to brown species with smooth, glossy sculpturing. The head is nearly quadrate with the anterior portion rounded while the posterior is angled at the edges. The lateral clypeal teeth are poorly developed and angu1ate. The eyes are moderately large with approximately 5-8 ommatidia and often kidney-shaped. Both the mesopleuron and metapleuron are horizontally striated. The peduncle is relatively long and extends 0.100 mm from the propodeum. The postpetiole is nearly quadrate viewed dorsally. Queen - The queen is moderately large and concolorous brown in color. What is striking about the queen is the thick scape (maximum diameter 0.096 mm) which is thicker basally and tapers distally towards the minor segments. The propodeum is striated basally.

Solenopsis parva is easily recognized by having reduced angulate clypeal teeth and a moderately large, kidney-shaped eye. The eye separates this species from all other smaller yellow thief ants of the molesta species complex.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Argentina (type locality), Brazil (type locality), Uruguay.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Males have yet to be collected.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • parva. Solenopsis parva Mayr, 1868b: 175 (w.) ARGENTINA. Senior synonym of angulata, dolichops, huasanesis, mendozensis, gallardoi: Pacheco & Mackay, 2013: 248.
  • angulata. Solenopsis angulata Emery, 1894g: 393 (footnote) (w.q.) BRAZIL. Combination in S. (Diplorhoptrum): Santschi, 1925e: 161; in S. (Oedaleocerus): Creighton, 1930b: 146. [Misspelled as angustata by Santschi, 1912e: 526.] Junior synonym of parva: Pacheco & Mackay, 2013: 248.
  • dolichops. Solenopsis angulata var. dolichops Emery, 1906c: 123 (w.q.) ARGENTINA. Junior synonym of parva: Pacheco & Mackay, 2013: 248.
  • huasanensis. Solenopsis angulata r. huasanensis Forel, 1912g: 8 (w.) ARGENTINA. Junior synonym of parva: Pacheco & Mackay, 2013: 248.
  • mendozensis. Solenopsis angulata r. mendozensis Forel, 1914d: 277 (w.) ARGENTINA. [First available use of Solenopsis angulata r. carettei var. mendozensis Forel, 1913l: 223; unavailable name.] Junior synonym of parva: Pacheco & Mackay, 2013: 248.
  • gallardoi. Solenopsis (Diplorhoptrum) gallardoi Santschi, 1925e: 160, fig. 5 (w.) ARGENTINA. Junior synonym of parva: Pacheco & Mackay, 2013: 248.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Pacheco and Mackay (2013) - Measurements (n=7). TL 1.56-1.62 (1.58); HL 0.420-0.456 (0.443); HW 0.378-0.408 (0.389); EL 0.060-0.078 (0.070); ED 0.048-0.060 (0.053); SL 0.270-0.360 (0.314); FSL 0.120-0.138 (0.126); CI 82.9-93.2 (87.9); SI 61.6-78.9 (70.9); PL 0.066-0.078 (0.072); PW 0.084-0.096 (0.090); PI 73.3-86.7 (79.9); PPL 0.120; PPW 0.126-0.144 (0.134); PPI 83.3-95.2 (89.7); WL 0.300-0.360 (0.343); PSL 0.024; PSW 0.024.

Small; concolorous yellow to brown; head quadrate, longer than wide, finely punctate; lateral clypeal teeth poorly developed, angulate, extralateral teeth absent; clypeal carinae well defined; scape long, reaches 3/4 length of head; minor funicular segments moderately long; eyes black, large, kidney shaped, approximately 5-8 ommatidia; pronotum smooth and shiny; metapleuron horizontally striated, especially basally; notopropodeal suture well depressed, groove breaks sculpture of mesosoma; posterior edge of propodeum slightly angulate; propodeal spiracle small, round; metapleuron horizontally striated; peduncle relatively long; petiolar peduncle lacking tooth or flange ventrally, wider than postpetiole viewed laterally; postpetiole nearly quadrate viewed dorsally, larger than petiole.

Sparsely to moderately pilose, pilosity yellow to light brown; erect and suberect hairs scattered on all body surfaces.

Queen

Pacheco and Mackay (2013) - Measurements (n=2). TL 3.96-4.80 (4.38); HL 0.690-0.720 (0.705); HW 0.660-0.720 (0.690); EL 0.204-0.210 (0.207); ED 0.132-0.156 (0.144); MOL 0.054; MOD 0.054; SL 0.480-0.510 (0.495); FSL 0.270-0.282 (0.276); CI 95.7-100 (97.8); SI 69.6-70.8 (70.2); PSL 0.060; PSW 0.060; PL 0.120; PW 0.270-0.276 (0.273); PI 43.5-44.4 (43.9); PPL 0.240; PPW 0.390-0.402 (0.396); PPI 59.7-61.5 (60.6); WL 0.900.

Moderately large; concolorous brown; head quadrate, semi-coarsely punctate; lateral clypeal teeth angulate, extralateral teeth present as bumps; clypeal carinae well defined; frontal lobes weakly striated; scape long, reaching 3/4 length of head, thickened basally, tapered towards minor segments; minor funicular segments 3-8 long; eyes large, oval, extend 0.054 mm past sides of border of head; medial ocellus small, without pigment; pronotum semi-coarsely punctate, smooth and shiny between punctures; posterior edge of propodeum slightly angulate; propodeal spiracle large, round; metapleuron striated basally below spiracle; petiolar peduncle with minute, thin flange ventrally; postpetiole lacking tooth or flange ventrally.

Abundantly hairy, pilosity yellow to light brown; erect and suberect hairs of various lengths (0.090-0.240 mm) covering all body surfaces; scape with numerous suberect hairs (0.150 mm), especially basally; most hairs on mesosoma, petiole, postpetiole and gaster curve posteriorly.

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Bruch C. 1914. Catálogo sistemático de los formícidos argentinos. Revista del Museo de La Plata 19: 211-234.
  • Bruch C. 1916. Contribución al estudio de las hormigas de la provincia de San Luis. Revista del Museo de La Plata 23: 291-357.
  • Creighton W. S. 1930. The New World species of the genus Solenopsis (Hymenop. Formicidae). Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 66: 39-151.
  • Cuezzo, F. 1998. Formicidae. Chapter 42 in Morrone J.J., and S. Coscaron (dirs) Biodiversidad de artropodos argentinos: una perspectiva biotaxonomica Ediciones Sur, La Plata. Pages 452-462.
  • Ettershank G. 1966. A generic revision of the world Myrmicinae related to Solenopsis and Pheidologeton (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Aust. J. Zool. 14: 73-171.
  • Fernández, F. and S. Sendoya. 2004. Lista de las hormigas neotropicales. Biota Colombiana Volume 5, Number 1.
  • Forel A. 1912. Formicides néotropiques. Part IV. 3me sous-famille Myrmicinae Lep. (suite). Mémoires de la Société Entomologique de Belgique. 20: 1-32.
  • Forel A. 1913. Fourmis d'Argentine, du Brésil, du Guatémala & de Cuba reçues de M. M. Bruch, Prof. v. Ihering, Mlle Baez, M. Peper et M. Rovereto. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles. 49: 203-250.
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • Kusnezov N. 1956. Claves para la identificación de las hormigas de la fauna argentina. Idia 104-105: 1-56.
  • Kusnezov N. 1957. Die Solenopsidinen-Gattungen von Südamerika (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Zoologischer Anzeiger 158: 266-280.
  • Kusnezov N. 1978. Hormigas argentinas: clave para su identificación. Miscelánea. Instituto Miguel Lillo 61:1-147 + 28 pl.
  • Pacheco J. A., and W. P. Mackay. 2013. The systematics and biology of the New World thief ants of the genus Solenopsis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, 501 pp.
  • Santschi F. 1916. Descriptions de fourmis nouvelles d'Afrique et d'Amérique. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 84: 497-513.
  • Santschi F. 1916. Formicides sudaméricains nouveaux ou peu connus. Physis (Buenos Aires). 2: 365-399.
  • Santschi F. 1925. Fourmis des provinces argentines de Santa Fe, Catamarca, Santa Cruz, Córdoba et Los Andes. Comunicaciones del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural "Bernardino Rivadavia" 2: 149-168.
  • Santschi F. 1931. Contribution à l'étude des fourmis de l'Argentine. Anales de la Sociedad Cientifica Argentina. 112: 273-282.
  • Santschi F. 1933. Fourmis de la République Argentine en particulier du territoire de Misiones. Anales de la Sociedad Cientifica Argentina. 116: 105-124.
  • Vittar, F. 2008. Hormigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) de la Mesopotamia Argentina. INSUGEO Miscelania 17(2):447-466
  • Vittar, F., and F. Cuezzo. "Hormigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) de la provincia de Santa Fe, Argentina." Revista de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina (versión On-line ISSN 1851-7471) 67, no. 1-2 (2008).
  • Zolessi L. C. de; Y. P. de Abenante, and M. E. Philippi. 1989. Catálogo sistemático de las especies de Formícidos del Uruguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Montevideo: ORCYT Unesco, 40 + ix pp.
  • de Zolessi, L.C., Y.P. de Abenante and M.E. Philippi. 1987. Lista sistemática de las especies de formícidos del Uruguay. Comunicaciones Zoologicas del Museo de Historia Natural de Montevideo 11(165):1-9