Solenopsis virulens

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Solenopsis virulens
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Solenopsis
Species group: virulens
Species: S. virulens
Binomial name
Solenopsis virulens
(Smith, F., 1858)

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Specimen Labels



The only member of the Solenopsis virulens species-group. Monomorphic workers.


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil (type locality), Colombia, Ecuador.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb


Associations with other Insects

Solenopsis virulens nests have been found harboring moth flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) by Pereira et al. 2015. The adult flies of Trichomyia myrmecophila, Quatiella truncata and Trichomyia annae were found in nest fragments of 12 S. virulens nests in Brazil.



The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • virulens. Myrmica virulens Smith, F. 1858b: 132 (w.) BRAZIL. Combination in Solenopsis: Dalla Torre, 1893: 76. Junior synonym of geminata: Mayr, 1886d: 460; Dalla Torre, 1893: 76; Creighton, 1930b: 59; Creighton, 1950a: 231; of bondari: Kempf & Brown, 1968: 99. Revived from synonymy and senior synonym of bondari: Trager, 1991: 155.
  • bondari. Solenopsis bondari Santschi, 1925d: 236 (w.) BRAZIL. Junior synonym of virulens: Trager, 1991: 155.



  • Creighton, W. S. 1930b. The New World species of the genus Solenopsis (Hymenop. Formicidae). Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci. 66: 39-151 (page 59, Junior synonym of geminata)
  • Creighton, W. S. 1950a. The ants of North America. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 104: 1-585 (page 231, Junior synonym of geminata)
  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 76, Combination in Solenopsis, Junior synonym of geminata)
  • Kempf, W. W.; Brown, W. L., Jr. 1968. Report on some Neotropical ant studies. Pap. Avulsos Zool. (Sao Paulo) 22: 89-102 (page 99, Junior synonym of bondari)
  • Pereira, T. P. L., F. Bravo, M. X. Araujo, D. Cordeiro, C. Chagas, and J. H. C. Delabie. 2015. Moth flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) collected in colonies of the fire ant Solenopsis virulens (Smith) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with description of two new species. Sociobiology. 62:18-22. doi:10.13102/sociobiology.v62i1.18-22
  • Pitts, J.P., Camacho, G.P., Gotzek, D., McHugh, J.V., Ross, K.G. 2018. Revision of the fire ants of the Solenopisis saevissima species group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 120: 308–411.
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 132, worker described)
  • Trager, J. C. 1991. A revision of the fire ants, Solenopsis geminata group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). J. N. Y. Entomol. Soc. 99: 141-198 (page 155, Revived from synonymy, and senior synonym of bondari)