Stenamma nanozoi

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Stenamma nanozoi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Stenammini
Genus: Stenamma
Species: S. nanozoi
Binomial name
Stenamma nanozoi
Branstetter, 2013

Stenamma nanozoi casent0621824 p 1 high.jpg

Stenamma nanozoi casent0621824 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Stenamma nanozoi is mainly an inhabitant of lowland wet forest, with most specimens collected between 0–600 m elevation. However, a few specimens have been collected from montane Liquidambar forest at Celaque in Honduras between 1500–1600 m. All collections, except for one cookie bait sample, were made from sifted leaf litter taken from the forest floor. (Branstetter 2013)

Identification

Branstetter (2013) - Integument mostly dark red-brown to brown; small-sized species (see HL, ML, PrW below); basal margin of mandible sinuous, with a small basal notch and accompanying tooth; anterior clypeal margin viewed at anterodorsal angle forming 4 blunt teeth (only outer teeth visible in full-face view); pilosity on gastral tergites mostly forming a moderately sparse layer of thickened suberect setae, with only a few thin decumbent setae present; face mostly rugoreticulate; mesosoma mostly rugulose and punctate, without large areas of smooth cuticle; eye of small to moderate size (EL 0.08–0.10, REL 15–18), oval-shaped, with 4–5 ommatidia at greatest diameter; propodeal spines tuberculate (PSL 0.07–0.09, PSI 1.2–1.4); frontal lobes somewhat expanded (FLD 0.14–0.16, FLI 28–31), but not completely obscuring torular lobes in full-face view. Similar species: Stenamma nonotch, Stenamma saenzae, Stenamma sandinista, Stenamma schmidti.

This species can be separated from similar forms by its mandible structure, eye size, gastral pilosity, facial sculpture, and overall size. Geography is also useful, as S. nanozoi is known from only a few sites in Honduras, mostly at low elevation.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Honduras (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Queen

Male

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • nanozoi. Stenamma nanozoi Branstetter, 2013: 196, figs. 128-130 (w.q.m.) HONDURAS.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

(10 measured) HL 0.56–0.63 (0.61), HW 0.49–0.56 (0.54), FLD 0.14–0.16 (0.16), PCW 0.03 (0.03), SL 0.48–0.53 (0.51), EL 0.08–0.10 (0.10), ACL 0.48–0.53 (0.53), ML 0.68–0.76 (0.74), PrW 0.35–0.40 (0.38), PSL 0.07–0.09 (0.09), SDL 0.05–0.07 (0.07), PL 0.25–0.28 (0.27), PH 0.14–0.17 (0.15), PW 0.11–0.14 (0.13), PPL 0.13–0.16 (0.15), PPH 0.12–0.15 (0.14), PPW 0.14–0.16 (0.15), MFL 0.48–0.55 (0.55), MTL 0.39–0.44 (0.43), CI 87–92 (89), SI 90–99 (95), REL 15–18 (18), FLI 28–31 (30), PSI 1.2–1.4 (1.3), MFI 97–104 (98), ACI1 65–69 (66), ACI2 96–103 (103).

Small-sized species; general body color dark red-brown to brown, with appendages lighter, brown to yellow-brown toward extremities; setae golden brown; mandible with 6 teeth, basal tooth often well-defined, projecting; basal margin of mandible sinuous, with a distinct basal notch and accompanying small tooth; mandible mostly smooth, except for scattered piligerous punctae, and some striae around the basal and along lateral surface; anterior clypeal margin in anterodorsal view undulating, forming 4 blunt teeth (only outer teeth visible in full-face view); median lobe of clypeus with a pair of somewhat distinct longitudinal carinulae, that diverge toward anterior margin, apex of lobe with a short transverse carinula, remainder of clypeus mostly smooth; posterior extension of clypeus between antennal insertions somewhat narrow (FLD 0.14–0.16, FLI 28–31), with sides diverging slightly posteriad; frontal lobes somewhat expanded (FLD 0.14–0.16, FLI 28–31), but not completely obscuring torular lobes in full-face view; head roughly oval-shaped (CI 87–92), with posterior margin distinctly depressed medially; eye of small to moderate size (EL 0.08–0.10, REL 15–18), oval-shaped, with 4–5 ommatidia at greatest diameter; face mostly strongly rugoreticulate, with a few longitudinal carinulae along midline near frontal lobes; scape of moderate length (SI 90–99), not quite reaching posterior margin when laid back; scape surface mostly smooth, with faint striations and piligerous punctae; flagellum with a distinct 4-segmented antennal club; dorsum of pronotum with irregular longitudinal rugulae that sometimes merge, dorsum of metanotum more rugoreticulate-punctate, side of pronotum mostly carinulate, with a small patch of smooth cuticle near ventral margin, mesopleuron and side of propodeum rugulose-punctate, propodeal dorsum and upper half of declivity with transverse carinulae; promesonotum in profile low-domed, roughly symmetrical, but anterior face distinctly longer than posterior face; metanotal groove of moderate depth and width, sometimes with a small central welt (metanotum); propodeal spines tuberculate (PSL 0.07–0.09, PSI 1.2–1.4); petiole in profile of moderate length (PL/HW 0.48–0.54), peduncle somewhat slender, narrowing toward body; petiolar node of moderate height (PH/PL 0.52-0.61), asymmetrical, with anterior face slightly longer and more sloping than posterior face, dorsum of node narrowly rounded, almost becoming a well-defined apex, node always pointing distinctly posteriad; postpetiole in profile subspherical to oblong, appearing somewhat compressed anteroposteriorly, roughly symmetrical, and similar in size to slightly smaller than petiolar node (PPH/PH 0.83–0.99); anterior faces of petiolar and postpetiolar nodes mostly smooth, remaining surfaces mostly punctate, with some rugulae on posterior half of postpetiole; gaster mostly smooth and shiny, with scattered piligerous punctae; face pilosity short, bilayered; dorsum of mesosoma and gaster mostly with a sparse layer of thickened, suberect setae, gaster with a few thin decumbent setae; setae on scapes and legs mostly appressed, with some suberect setae on femoral venters and coxae.

Queen

Stenamma nanozoi casent0622005 p 2 high.jpg

(5 measured) HL 0.57–0.63 (0.62), HW 0.51–0.58 (0.57), FLD 0.16–0.18 (0.17), PCW 0.03–0.04 (0.04), SL 0.48–0.52 (0.52), EL 0.14–0.16 (0.16), ACL 0.48–0.52 (0.51), ML 0.75–0.85 (0.85), PrW 0.43–0.49 (0.49), PSL 0.09–0.11 (0.11), SDL 0.07–0.09 (0.08), PL 0.27–0.32 (0.31), PH 0.16–0.17 (0.17), PW 0.12–0.15 (0.15), PPL 0.14–0.15 (0.15), PPH 0.14–0.17 (0.17), PPW 0.15–0.18 (0.18), MFL 0.50–0.56 (0.56), MTL 0.40–0.45 (0.45), CI 90–92 (92), SI 90–97 (91), REL 26–28 (28), FLI 31–32 (31), PSI 1.2–1.4 (1.4), MFI 99–104 (102), ACI1 65, ACI2 99–101 (100).

Same as worker except for standard queen modifications and as follows: pronotum transversely carinulate, with dorsum of cervical shield punctate; mesoscutum longitudinally rugulose, with some irregular reticulations; scutellum longitudinally rugulose to rugoreticulate, usually with a small patch of smooth cuticle mesad; propodeum with transverse carinulae that wrap around surface; mesopleuron mostly smooth; pilosity on gaster distinctly bilayered, with a stout layer of long suberect to subdecumbent setae, and a very dense layer of decumbent to appressed pubescence; wing venation in picture of wing.

Type Material

Holotype Specimen Labels

Holotype worker. HONDURAS, 12km SW La Ceiba La Ceiba, 15.69175°N, 86.86977°W ±20m, 200m, 19 Jun 2010, tropical rainforest, ex sifted leaf litter (LLAMA, collection Wa-C-09-2-07) USNM, specimen CASENT0621828. Para-types: same data as holotype 1dq, 1w, USNM, CASENT0621826, CASENT0621827; same data but 15.69449°N, 86.86339°W ±20m, 200m, 19 Jun 2010 (LLAMA, Wa-C-09-2-25) [1dq, 1w, CASC, CASENT0623384, CASENT0623388], [1dq, 1w, EAPZ, CASENT0623385, CASENT0623389, 1w, ECOSCE, CASENT0623390, 1w, FMNH, CASENT0623391, 1w, ICN, CASENT0623392, 1dq, 1w INBC, CASENT0623386, CASENT0623393, 1w, JTLC, CASENT0623394, 1w, LACM, CASENT0623395], 1dq, 2w, MGBPC, CASENT0623387, CASENT0623396, CASENT0623397; 15.69449°N, 86.86311°W ±20m, 200M, 19 Jun 2010 (LLAMA, Wa-C-09-1-31) 1dq, 1w, MCZ, CASENT0623400, CASENT0623402, 1w, MZSP, CASENT0623403, 1dq, 1w, UCDC, CASENT0623401, CASENT0623404, 1w, UNAM, CASENT0623405, 1w, UVGC, CASENT0623406.

References

  • Branstetter, M. G. 2012. Origin and diversification of the cryptic ant genus Stenamma Westwood (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), inferred from multilocus molecular data, biogeography and natural history. Systematic Entomology 37:478-496. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.2012.00624.x
  • Branstetter, M.G. 2013. Revision of the Middle American clade of the ant genus Stenamma Westwood (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae). ZooKeys 295, 1–277. doi:10.3897/zookeys.295.4905