Stenamma tiburon

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Stenamma tiburon
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Stenammini
Genus: Stenamma
Species: S. tiburon
Binomial name
Stenamma tiburon
Branstetter, 2013

Stenamma tiburon casent0622423 p 1 high.jpg

Stenamma tiburon casent0622423 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Stenamma tiburon is known only from a single Berlese sample collected from forest at 1650 m elevation. This sample was collected in 1969 near Monterrey, Mesa de Chipinque in Nuevo León, Mexico.

Identification

Branstetter (2013) - Integument brown (probably darker in recently collected specimens); small to medium-sized species (see HL, ML, PrW below); head, mesosoma, and gaster mostly smooth and shining, with petiole and postpetiole punctate; promesonotum in profile distinctly asymmetrical, with anterior face gently rounded, dorsal surface flat or only slightly curving, and posterior face short, straight and forming a relatively sharp angle with dorsal surface; median lobe of clypeus bicarinate, projecting, and with a broad and rather deep median emargination at anterior margin; basal margin of mandible straight, without notch or substantial depression; petiolar node distinctly angled posteriad; postpetiole in dorsal view, with distinct mesolateral angles and a longitudinal lobe, giving anterior half of postpetiole a distinct pinched in appearance; eye of moderate size (EL 0.10–0.12, REL 18–19), oval shaped, with 5–6 ommatidia at greatest diameter; setae on gastral tergites of moderate length and density, suberect to subdecumbent; propodeal spines absent, forming at most an obtuse angle in profile view (PSL 0.06–0.07, PSI 1.0-1.3); frontal lobes narrow (FLD 0.14–0.15, FLI 24–25), not obscuring torular lobes in full-face view (FLD 0.14-0.15, FLI 24-25).

The combination of sculpture, clypeus structure, and postpetiole structure make S. tiburon a very distinctive species that should not be confused with any other Middle American Clade Stenamma species. [[Stenamma pelophilum. occurs in the same key couplet but these two species are very different and can be easily separated by comparing clypeus structure.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Mexico (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Males have not been collected.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • tiburon. Stenamma tiburon Branstetter, 2013: 254, figs. 159-161 (w.q.) MEXICO.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

(4 measured) HL 0.62–0.69 (0.67), HW 0.55–0.63 (0.59), FLD 0.14–0.15 (0.15), PCW 0.03–0.05 (0.05), SL 0.50–0.54 (0.52), EL 0.10–0.12 (0.11), ACL 0.48–0.51 (0.48), ML 0.79–0.86 (0.83), PrW 0.38–0.42 (0.40), PSL 0.06–0.07, SDL 0.05–0.07, PL 0.30–0.32 (0.30), PH 0.19–0.21 (020), PW 0.12–0.14 (0.13), PPL 0.16–0.18 (0.16), PPH 0.16–0.17 (0.16), PPW 0.20–0.21 (0.20), MFL 0.53–0.59 (0.55), MTL 0.44–0.48 (0.46), CI 88–91 (89), SI 86–92 (88), REL 18–19 (19), FLI 24–25 (25), PSI 1.0–1.3 (1.0), PI 51–57 (51), MFI 103–108 (107), ACI1 67–70 (70), ACI2 93–97 (93).

Small- to medium-sized species; general body color brown to light brown, with extremities becoming yellow-brown (note that all studied specimens are over 40 years old, the color of fresh specimens must be darker); setae golden; mandible with 6 teeth, consisting of 3 distinct apical teeth, a somewhat projecting basal tooth, and 2 inner teeth, which are often worn and indistinct; basal margin of mandible relatively straight, without notch or significant depression; dorsal surface of mandible mostly smooth and shining, with scattered piligerous punctae and a few short basal striae; median lobe of clypeus bicarinate, projecting, and with a broad and rather deep median emargination at anterior margin, apex of lobe with a transverse carina, area between carinae distinctly depressed; carinae on median lobe forming a distinctive triangular shape in anterodorsal view; remaining surface of clypeus mostly smooth and shiny; posterior extension of clypeus between frontal lobes somewhat narrow (PCW 0.03–0.05), with subparallel sides; frontal lobes narrow, not obscuring torular lobes in full-face view; head roughly oval-shaped (CI 88–91), posterior margin flat to slightly concave, never greatly depressed medially; eye of moderate size (EL 0.10–0.12, REL 18–19), oval-shaped, with 5–6 ommatidia at greatest diameter; face nearly completely smooth and shiny, with scattered piligerous punctae and a few longitudinal carinulae around frontal carinae and on genae; scape distinctly shorter than HW (SI 86–92), not quite reaching posterior margin of head when laid back; scape surface mostly smooth and shiny, except for scattered piligerous punctures and faint striae; flagellum with distinct 4-segmented antennal club; mesosoma mostly smooth and shining, except metanotal groove with several longitudinal carinae, metapleuron with faint punctae, and propodeal dorsum and declivity with faint transverse carinulae; promesonotum in profile distinctly asymmetrical, with anterior face gently rounded, dorsal surface flat or only slightly curving, and posterior face short, straight and forming a relatively sharp angle with dorsal surface; metanotal groove distinct, but not very deep; propodeal spines essentially absent (PSL 0.06–0.07, PSI 1.0–1.3), forming at most obtuse angles at transition between dorsal and declivitous faces of propodeum in profile; petiole of moderate length (PL/ HW 0.51–0.57), node of moderate size (PH/PL 0.62–0.67) and distinctly angled posteriad, with anterior face slightly longer and more sloping than posterior face, node dorsum broadly rounded; postpetiole in profile asymmetrical, with long sloping anterior face and short nearly vertical posterior face; postpetiole in dorsal view with distinctive mesolateral angles and a longitudinal lobe, giving the anterior half of postpetiole a distinct pinched-in appearance; anterior faces of petiole and postpetiole smooth and shiny, remaining surfaces faintly punctate; most of body with a thin layer of short to medium length standing setae; pilosity on gastral tergites somewhat bilayered, with a layer of longer suberect setae, and a layer of equally dense subdecumbent setae; facial setae short and mostly decumbent; setae on scape subdecumbent to decumbent; setae on legs suberect to appressed, with longer suberect setae on femoral venters and coxae.

Queen

(1 measured) HL 0.69, HW 0.63, FLD 0.15, PCW 0.05, SL 0.53, EL 0.17, ACL 0.52, ML 0.93, PrW 0.50, PSL 0.09, SDL 0.08, PL 0.34, PH 0.22, PW 0.14, PPL 0.19, PPH 0.19, PPW 0.24, MFL 0.59, MTL 0.49, CI 92, SI 83, REL 27, FLI 24, PSI 1.2, MFI 107, ACI1 68, ACI2 98.

Same as worker except for standard queen modifications.

Type Material

Holotype worker. MÉXICO: Nuevo León, near Monterrey, Mesa de Chipinque, ca. 25.61°N, 100.36°W, 1650m, 22 Jun 1969 (S. & J. Peck, collection B164) USNM, pin CASENT0620965, top specimen. Paratypes: same data as holotype 2w, LACM, CASENT0193030, 1w, MCZ, CASENT0194031, 1dq, 1w, MGBPC, CASENT0622423, 2w, UNAM, CASENT0194031, 1w, USNM, CASENT0620965, bottom specimen.

Etymology

The specific epithet tiburon means shark in Spanish and refers to the triangular, shark-tooth-like shape formed by the longitudinal clypeal carinae and anterior clypeal margin.

References

  • Branstetter, M.G. 2013. Revision of the Middle American clade of the ant genus Stenamma Westwood (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae). ZooKeys 295, 1–277.