Stictoponera

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Stictoponera
Stictoponera menadensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ectatomminae
Tribe: Ectatommini
Genus: Stictoponera
Mayr, 1887
Type species
Ponera coxalis, now Stictoponera coxalis
Diversity
43 species
(Species Checklist, Species by Country)

Gnamptogenys-menadensisL3.2.jpg

Gnamptogenys-menadensisD3.2.jpg

Gamergate reproduction is known in at least some species (for example Stictoponera menadensis) from Southeast Asia (Gobin et al., 1994).

Identification

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Keys including this Genus

 

Keys to Species in this Genus

Distribution

Distribution and Richness based on AntMaps

Species by Region

Number of species within biogeographic regions, along with the total number of species for each region.

Afrotropical Region Australasian Region Indo-Australian Region Malagasy Region Nearctic Region Neotropical Region Oriental Region Palaearctic Region
Species 0 1 32 0 0 0 10 11
Total Species 2839 1735 3036 932 834 4378 1708 2836

Biology

Life History Traits

  • Queen type: gamergate (Gobin et al., 1994; Peeters, 1997)

Castes

Morphology

Phylogeny

Ectatomminae
Heteroponerini

Bazboltonia  (1 species, 0 fossil species)

Acanthoponera  (4 species, 0 fossil species)

Heteroponera  (27 species, 0 fossil species)

Ectatommini

Ectatomma  (15 species, 1 fossil species)

Rhytidoponera  (104 species, 3 fossil species)

Stictoponera  (43 species, 0 fossil species)

Gnamptogenys  (32 species, 5 fossil species)

Typhlomyrmex  (11 species, 0 fossil species)

Poneracantha  (18 species, 1 fossil species)

Alfaria  (9 species, 0 fossil species)

Holcoponera  (40 species, 0 fossil species)

See Phylogeny of Ectatomminae for details.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • STICTOPONERA [Ectatomminae: Ectatommini]
    • Stictoponera Mayr, 1887: 539 [as subgenus of Ectatomma]. Type-species: Ponera coxalis Roger, 1860: 308, by subsequent designation of Bingham, 1903: 82.

Taxonomic history

  • Stictoponera in Ponerinae: Dalla Torre, 1893: 23.
  • Stictoponera in Pachycondylinae, Ectatommini: Ashmead, 1905b: 382.
  • Stictoponera in Ponerinae, Ectatommini: Emery, 1895j: 767; Emery, 1911d: 47; Forel, 1917: 236; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 642; Donisthorpe, 1943g: 728.
  • Stictoponera as subgenus of Ectatomma: Mayr, 1887: 539; Dalla Torre, 1893: 23; Emery, 1895j: 767; Forel, 1900d: 316; Bingham, 1903: 82; Wheeler, W.M. 1910g: 135.
  • Stictoponera as junior synonym of Gnamptogenys: Brown, 1958g: 211; Smith, D.R. 1979: 1337; Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 10; Bolton, 1995b: 47; Bolton, 2003: 173.
  • Stictoponera as genus: Emery, 1900d: 662; Ashmead, 1905b: 382; Emery, 1911d: 47; Forel, 1917: 236; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 642; Santschi, 1932b: 11; Donisthorpe, 1943g: 728; Camacho, Franco, Branstetter, et al. 2022: 12.
  • Stictoponera references: Camacho, Franco, Branstetter, et al. 2022: 12 (diagnosis).
  • [Note: for references pre-2022 see under Gnamptogenys.]

References

  • Ashmead, W. H. 1905c. A skeleton of a new arrangement of the families, subfamilies, tribes and genera of the ants, or the superfamily Formicoidea. Can. Entomol. 37: 381-384 (page 382, Stictoponera in Pachycondylinae, Ectatommini)
  • Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. (page 82, Type-species: Ponera coxalis, by subsequent designation; Stictoponera as subgenus of Ectatomma)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 174, Stictoponera as junior synonym of Gnamptogenys)
  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1958g. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. II. Tribe Ectatommini (Hymenoptera). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 118: 173-362 (page 211, Stictoponera as junior synonym of Gnamptogenys)
  • Camacho, G.P., Franco, W., Branstetter, M.G., Pie, M.R., Longino, J.T., Schultz, T.R., Feitosa, R.M. 2022. UCE phylogenomics resolves major relationships among Ectaheteromorph ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Ectatomminae, Heteroponerinae): A new classification for the subfamilies and the description of a new genus. Insect Systematics and Diversity 6(1): 5; 1–20 (doi:10.1093/isd/ixab026).
  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 23, Stictoponera as subgenus of Ectatomma)
  • Donisthorpe, H. 1943h. A list of the type-species of the genera and subgenera of the Formicidae. [concl.]. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 11(10): 721-737 (page 728, Stictoponera in Ponerinae, Ectatommini; Stictoponera as genus)
  • Emery, C. 1895l. Die Gattung Dorylus Fab. und die systematische Eintheilung der Formiciden. Zool. Jahrb. Abt. Syst. Geogr. Biol. Tiere 8: 685-778 (page 767, Stictoponera in Ponerinae, Ectatommini; Stictoponera as subgenus of Ectatomma)
  • Emery, C. 1911e. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae. Genera Insectorum 118: 1-125 (page 47, Stictoponera in Ponerinae, Ectatommini; Stictoponera as genus)
  • Forel, A. 1900f. Les Formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part VII. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 13: 303-332 (page 316, Stictoponera as subgenus of Ectatomma)
  • Forel, A. 1917. Cadre synoptique actuel de la faune universelle des fourmis. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 51: 229-253 (page 236, Stictoponera in Ponerinae, Ectatommini; Stictoponera as genus)
  • Gobin, B., Peeters, C., Billen, J. 1994. Dominance interactions and control of reproduction in the queenless ant Gnamptogenys sp. from Sulawesi (Ponerinae). In Les Insectes Sociaux. A. Lenoir, G. Arnold and M. Lepage, eds., p. 286. Villetaneuse: Universite Paris Nord.
  • Mayr, G. 1887. Südamerikanische Formiciden. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 37: 511-632 (page 539, Stictoponera as subgenus of Ectatomma)
  • Mayr, G. 1887. Südamerikanische Formiciden. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 37: 511-632 (page 539, Stictoponera as subgenus of Ectatomma)
  • Peeters, C. 1997. Morphologically “primitive” ants: comparative review of social characters, and the importance of queen-worker dimorphism. Pages 372-391 In: Choe, J. & B. Crespi (eds) The Evolution of Social Behavior in Insects and Arachnids. Cambridge University Press. (doi:10.1017/CBO9780511721953.019).
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1910b. Ants: their structure, development and behavior. New York: Columbia University Press, xxv + 663 pp. (page 135, Stictoponera as subgenus of Ectatomma)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1922i. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VII. Keys to the genera and subgenera of ants. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 45: 631-710 (page 642, Stictoponera in Ponerinae, Ectatommini; Stictoponera as genus)