Strongylognathus alpinus

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Strongylognathus alpinus
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Strongylognathus
Species: S. alpinus
Binomial name
Strongylognathus alpinus
Wheeler, W.M., 1909

Strongylognathus alpinus is found in upper montane and subalpine zones between 1450 and 2100m in stony pastures, grassy rubble fans and clearings of sun-exposed woodlands with stones; nests are usually under stones and are frequently very large, sometimes extending over several square meters and probably containing some 15,000 or more workers (along with up to 45,000 host workers) (Seifert, 2018). It is a slave-making ant which uses Tetramorium impurum and Tetramorium alpestre as hosts.

At a Glance • Dulotic  




Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Switzerland (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb


Flight Period

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec



The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • alpinus. Strongylognathus huberi subsp. alpinus Wheeler, W.M. 1909g: 178, fig. 1 (w.q.m.) SWITZERLAND. Hauschteck, 1962: 219 (k.). Subspecies of huberi: Kutter, 1920a: 528; Kutter, 1923: 387. Raised to species: Bondroit, 1918: 111; Baroni Urbani, 1969c: 140. See also: Kutter, 1977c: 165; Sanetra, Güsten & Schulz, 1999: 337.



  • Baroni Urbani, C. 1969b. Gli Strongylognathus del gruppo huberi nell'Europa occidentale: saggio di una revisione basata sulla casta operaia (Hymenoptera Formicidae). Boll. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 99- 101: 132-168 (page 140, Raised to species)
  • Bondroit, J. 1918. Les fourmis de France et de Belgique. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 87: 1-174 (page 111, Raised to species)
  • Hauschteck, E. 1962. Die Chromosomen einiger in der Schweiz vorkommender Ameisenarten. Vierteljahrsschr. Naturforsch. Ges. Zür. 107: 213-220 (page 219, karyotype described)
  • Kutter, H. 1920. Strongylognathus Huberi For. r. alpinus Wh. eine Sklaven raubende Ameise. Biol. Zentralbl. 40: 528-538 (page 528, Race of huberi)
  • Kutter, H. 1923. Der Sklavenräuber Strongylognathus huberi For. ssp. alpinus Wheeler. Rev. Suisse Zool. 30: 387-424 (page 387, Race of huberi)
  • Kutter, H. 1977c. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Insecta Helv. Fauna 6: 1-298 (page 165, see also)
  • Sanetra, M.; Güsten,, R. 2001. The socially parasitic ant genus Strongylognathus Mayr in North Africa (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 20: 1-20.
  • Sanetra, M.; Güsten, R.; Schulz, A. 1999. On the taxonomy and distribution of Italian Tetramorium species and their social parasites (Hymenoptera Formicidae). Mem. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 77: 317-357 (page 337, see also)
  • Seifert, B. 2018. The ants of Central and Northern Europe. lutra Verlags- und Vertiebsgesellschaft, Tauer, 408 pp.
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1909g. Observations on some European ants. J. N. Y. Entomol. Soc. 17: 172-187 (page 178, fig. 1 worker, queen, male described)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Antarea (at on June 11th 2017)
  • Bolton B. 1976. The ant tribe Tetramoriini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Constituent genera, review of smaller genera and revision of Triglyphothrix Forel. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 34:281-379.
  • Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
  • Buschinger, A., W. Ehrhardt, and K. Fischer. "Doronomyrmex pacis, Epimyrma stumperi und E. goesswaldi (Hym., Formicidae) neu für Frankreich." Insectes Sociaux 28 (1981): 67-70.
  • Casevitz-Weulersse J., and C. Galkowski. 2009. Liste actualisee des Fourmis de France (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Bull. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 114: 475-510.
  • Emery C. 1916. Fauna entomologica italiana. I. Hymenoptera.-Formicidae. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 47: 79-275.
  • Grandi G. 1935. Contributi alla conoscenza degli Imenotteri Aculeati. XV. Boll. R. Ist. Entomol. Univ. Studi Bologna 8: 27-121.
  • Neumeyer R., and B. Seifert. 2005. Commented check list of free living ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) species of Switzerland. Bulletin de la Societe Entomologique Suisse 78: 1-17.
  • Sanetra M., R. Güsten, and A. Schulz. 1999. On the taxonomy and distribution of Italian Tetramorium species and their social parasites (Hymenoptera Formicidae). Mem. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 77: 317-357.