The type material was collected from sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood) in rainforest.
Bolton (2000) - A member of the abdera complex in the Strumigenys arnoldi-group. The sample from 6.9 km. NE Ambanizana differs slightly in the diagnostic characters of the type material. In this single specimen, the clavate hairs on petiolar dorsum are broader and the ventral spongiform lamella on the petiole is narrower. Additional collection may reveal that this is actually a sibling species.
S. bathron is distinguished from other species in the arnoldi-group that have 6 antennomeres by having the cephalic dorsum with broad spoon-shaped to orbicular hairs present on posterior third, dorsum of petiole with a pair of broadly clavate to remiform hairs; and lacking pronotal humeral hairs.
Keys including this Species
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
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The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- bathron. Strumigenys bathron Fisher, in Bolton, 2000: 629 (w.) MADAGASCAR.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Holotype. TL 2.0, HL 0.47, HW 0.45, CI 96, ML 0.17, MI 36, SL 0.26, SI 58, PW 0.26, AL 0.48. Characters of abdera-complex. Mandible with a single long preapical tooth. Dorsum of head from posterior clypeal margin to occipital margin including occipital angles and along upper scrobe margin with spoon-shaped hairs that are similar in shape to hairs on leading edge of scape. Pronotal humeral hair absent; anterior margin of mesonotum without erect stiff hairs. Dorsum of petiole with a pair of broadly clavate to remiform hairs on posterior lateral margin. In profile, promesonotal dorsum convex; propodeal dorsum shallowly convex anteriorly, sloping posteriorly to the declivity. Cuticle on anterior half of propodeal declivity alveolate. Spongiform tissue well developed on declivity of propodeum, petiole and postpetiole. Propodeal teeth incorporated in the lamellae, with only a small point projecting; propodeal lamellae broad, more than half as broad as ventral lamella of petiole. Disc of postpetiole smooth; in dorsal view completely surrounded by spongiform tissue, forming a narrow band along anterior lateral angles. Color dull yellow to pale brown.
Paratypes. TL 1.8-1.9, HL 0.45, HW 0.43, CI 95-96, ML 0.15, MI 33-34, SL 0.22-0.24, SI 51-55, PW 0.23-0.25, AL 0.46-0.47 (2 measured). As holotype.
Measurements of non-paratypic material extends the range shown by the types series: HL 0.41-0.46, HW 0.41-0.43, CI 94-97, ML 0.13-0.16, MI 32-35, SL 0.22-0.23, SI 53-57 (4 measured).
Holotype worker, Madagascar: 6.5 km. SSW Befingotra, Res. Anjanaharibe-Sud, 14°45'S, 49°30'E., 875 m., 19.x.1994, sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), rainforest #1070 (L. O.)-15 (B. L. Fisher) (Museum of Comparative Zoology).
Paratypes. 2 workers with same data as holotype but coded (8)-9, (50)-1 (The Natural History Museum).
- Fisher, B.L. 2000. The Malagasy fauna of Strumigenys. Pp. 612-696 in: Bolton, B. 2000. The ant tribe Dacetini. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute. 65:1-1028. (page 629, worker described)